'Our Race Will Rule
Undisputed Over The World'
By Rose Rabbinovich
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
I would like to thank you in the name of many in the Jewish community
here in Melbourne for opening our eyes to how all of us Jews have been
manipulated by the Zionists. Unfortunately, the Zionist are controlling all
our synagogues and Jewish organization and institutions, even though most
of us are not Zionists. The Zionists are endangering our lives. We are now
being flooded with Jewish Israeli refugees who are escaping from Israel, not
a single one of them is a Zionist, they have informed us that Zionism is dead
in Israel. They also said that most embassies in Israel are now over flowing
with Israelis who are seeking to immigrate to other countries. In recent
years, more Israelis are escaping from sinking Israel compared with Jews
who are gullible enough to immigrate to Israel.
The most popular book among the Jewish community here in Melbourne at
the moment is 'Candle Of Light' by Thomas L. Fielder (a Jew). Dr. Fielder
is an Australian War Hero, philosopher and Historian (This amazing book is
available from M.E.A. Books, PO Box 248, East Caulfield, Victoria 3145
On page 39 Dr. Fiedler mentioned to my surprise a member of my family,
and I am quoting one paragraph here in full as it explains world events today
My readers will find it hard to believe the following example of the
ambitious, ruthless mind-set of the Talmudic Zionist philosophy.
This address of Rabbinovich was published in the U.S. Publication
'Common Sense', and re-published in the September issue of the Canadian
Intelligence Service. Rabbi Rabbinovich speaking to an assembly in
Budapest, Hungary on the 12th January 1952 stated:
"We will openly reveal our identity with the races of Asia or Africa. I can
state with assurance that the last generation of white children is now being
born. Our control commission will, in the interests of peace and wiping out
inter-racial tensions, forbid the Whites to mate with Whites. The white
women must co-habit with members of the dark races, the White man with
black women. Thus the White race will disappear, for mixing the dark with
the white means the end of the White Man, and our most dangerous enemy
will become only a memory. We shall embark upon an era of ten thousand
years of peace and plenty, the Pax Judiaca, and OUR RACE will rule
undisputed over the world. Our superior intelligence will enable us to retain
mastery over a world of dark peoples."
This monumental book is probably the most important
historical/philosophical book in the history of Australia. After reading it, I
understood for the first time in my life our government, and how the
Zionists are holding all political power in Australia via finance and debt.
Only after reading this book I understood why our health is being destroyed
and our individual freedoms have disappeared.
Vol. 19, No. 24
December 1, 2003
Table of Contents
More on Jobs
by William F. Jasper
Government policies threaten our jobs, economy and national security by destroying
America’s basic resource industries — mining, forestry, farming and ranching.
Imagine an America of closed factories, shuttered
offices, and millions of unemployed blue-collar and
white-collar workers. Imagine a United States of
America that is no longer the leader in any major
industrial or technological sector — a U.S. of A. that is
dangerously dependent on foreign suppliers for many
of its critical military supplies and weapons
components. Imagine an America that depends on
foreign producers not only for virtually all consumer
goods but even for basic foodstuffs. Imagine an
America that is no longer a land of optimism and
opportunity for our younger generations because it
has ceased to be competitive globally and has
regulated jobs, careers and entrepreneurial activities
into oblivion. Imagine a rusting and decrepit America
that can no longer economically support its aging
population. Imagine a dependent America with
supplies of food, oil and other essentials interrupted
by war or terrorism. Imagine regular electrical
blackouts and brownouts similar to those that afflict
Not a pretty picture. But, unfortunately, the above imaginings are gradually becoming
reality. We are witnessing the piecemeal economic destruction of the wealthiest, most
dynamic economic powerhouse in human history. The American economy is dying,
but not from natural causes. It is being strangled to death in a coordinated pincer
attack. America’s ability to survive, produce and prosper is being systematically
destroyed by socialistic taxes and regulations that make U.S. production of virtually
everything increasingly uneconomical. Simultaneously, the same legislators and
government officials who are impeding American producers are opening the
floodgates to cheap foreign goods that are not burdened with the same debilitating
taxes, regulations and mandates.
The hemorrhaging of U.S. manufacturers and manufacturing jobs to Mexico, China
and other overseas destinations has been a topic of heated controversy for decades.
In the past couple of years, the outsourcing of information technology jobs and the
transfer of hi-tech facilities to India, China and Pakistan have also caused outcries of
concern. Far less has been heard of the similar woes besetting our basic resource
industries — farming, ranching, mining and timber — and the major inroads that
foreign competitors (including our declared enemies) have made into these critical
Even the most insulated and naïve urbanite knows (we hope) that the meat, eggs,
bread, fruit and vegetables on the dinner table came from a farm or ranch. We know
that the gasoline in our tanks, the heating oil or natural gas for our homes, and the
steel, aluminum and other metals we use each day had to be extracted from the earth.
The paper, lumber and other wood products that are essential to our lives came from
The average American urban consumer understands these simple facts — but at a
very elementary level. The overwhelming majority of Americans have no direct contact
with the people who produce the essentials of everyday life — food, clothing, shelter
and energy — and make all of our other hi-tech and service industries possible. Joe
Consumer has little to no appreciation for the tightening straitjacket that America’s
farmers, ranchers, miners and timber harvesters have been put in, and he is largely
clueless about how the assault on these domestic industries will dramatically impact
Joe Consumer must wake up to real-world facts and shake off the pernicious
fantasies sown by the fanatics of both the environmental and "free trade" lobbies. Our
basic resource industries, suffering from decades of regulatory overkill and nearly a
decade of added burdens from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA),
are now being targeted for more intensive foreign penetration under the proposed Free
Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and other so-called free trade agreements.
Our Energy Lifeblood
Energy is the lifeblood of our economy and modern society. It powers our factories,
farms and processing plants. It provides lighting, heating and cooling to our homes,
offices and businesses. It moves people and products. Without access to affordable
energy, America will shut down. That already has been happening, despite the fact
that the United States has abundantly available energy resources and is the world
leader in developing exploration and extraction technology.
America runs on oil and gas — literally. Fuels derived from these two sources supply
100 percent of our transportation demand, for both commercial and individual
Approximately 60 million American families use natural gas to heat their homes,
representing over one half of U.S. homes. Industries depend upon natural gas to
produce plastics, steel, glass, paper, textiles, paints, clothing, aluminum, medicines,
brick, fertilizers and much more. Sixteen percent of America’s electric generation is
also fueled by natural gas. Because of the environmental regulations on coal and oil,
there has been a significant shift to cleaner burning natural gas over the past decade.
Over 90 percent of new electric generating power plants are fired by natural gas.
"The environmental desirability of natural gas has led to massive growth in its
demand," said Rep. Richard Pombo (R-Calif.), co-chairman of the Speaker’s Task
Force on Affordable Natural Gas, on September 30. "Unfortunately," Pombo noted,
"while the federal government has embraced policies that encourage the use of
natural gas, it has effectively prevented our producers from increasing supplies. The
resulting imbalance between supply and demand will continue to have devastating
effects on our economy and our way of life if it is not addressed quickly."
Rep. Pombo’s comments accompanied the task force’s report, which found that
government policies are causing low supply levels that, in turn, are resulting in natural
gas prices two to three times above the historic average. These prices, the task force
reports, have led to — and will continue to result in — loss of jobs, strains on the
economy, and severe impacts on low-income American families.
"Our task force’s findings are staggering," said Rep. W. J. Tauzin (R-La.), who
co-chaired the task force with Pombo. "People are losing jobs, industries dependent
on natural gas are suffering and home heating prices continue to skyrocket. Without
increased exploration and development of our nation’s abundant natural gas reserves,
our economy and the livelihoods of all Americans are at risk."
The task force report noted:
While the U.S. is currently suffering from a shortage of gas supply, natural
gas resources in the U.S. are plentiful. In fact, recent studies estimate that
the total technically recoverable North American natural gas resource is
sufficient to meet our current demand needs for many generations.
Unfortunately, government policies are preventing us from being able to
produce and use that gas.
Most of our natural gas reserves lie beneath non-park federal lands and offshore
waters controlled by the federal government. The task force reported that "numerous
lawsuits filed by opposition groups from the environmental community" and "numerous
overlapping environmental regulations are preventing or slowing access to natural gas
resources." As a result, notes Rep. Tauzin, U.S. prices for natural gas are the highest
in the world.
On October 10, a study by the Government Accounting Office (GAO) underscored the
task force findings. The GAO study found that higher natural gas prices have
increased the cost of producing nitrogen fertilizer. Fertilizer prices have skyrocketed,
forcing farmers to decrease production by 25 percent, causing financial damage to the
fertilizer industry, farmers and the economy.
Oil, coal and uranium face even more draconian restrictions. Given our nation’s
economic downturn and the fact that we are engaged in combat all over the world,
does it make sense for us to import over 50 percent of our oil — and 23 percent of that
from the volatile Persian Gulf — when we have sufficient recoverable reserves at
home? Does it make any sense considering that the environmental objections to
greater oil and gas production have been shown to be totally unfounded? Even the
Clinton administration’s Department of Energy (DOE), dominated by radical
environmentalists, acknowledged this to be the case in a major 1999 study. That DOE
study, entitled Environmental Benefits of Advanced Oil and Gas Exploration and
Production Technology, pointed out that innovative technologies and techniques have
led to the discovery of huge reserves and have made oil recovery far more efficient,
streamlined and environmentally friendly. The study advocated more, not less, use of
our oil and gas resources.
The DOE report noted that advanced technologies are "allowing economic access to
domestic resources that are concentrated in deeper formations, tighter zones, deeper
water, more sensitive environments, and increasingly more unconventional settings." It
reported that since 1990 "the vast majority of reserve additions in the United States —
89 percent of oil reserve additions and 92 percent of gas reserve additions — have
come from finding new reserves in old fields." "With more than a century of oil
production behind us," it observed, "more than two-thirds of the over 600 billion barrels
of the Nation’s known oil resources remain untapped." And more recoverable reserves
are discovered almost every day. Still, the fedgov leviathan has refused to release its
suffocating grasp on our energy resources.
Miners and processors of other minerals also have been drawn and quartered by the
government regulators and environmental extremists. The mining industry has been
painted as a rapacious vandal who lusts to lay waste the entire countryside. But as the
House Resources Committee has noted, mining in the United States has impacted
less than three tenths of one percent of our surface area. And more than 40 percent of
the nation’s mined lands have been reclaimed, while many historic mines are still
Unfortunately, because of our anti-mining regulatory climate, we are now dependent
on foreign producers for many of these vital materials. The case of the Mountain Pass
Mine in California’s Mojave Desert is a prime example of the destructive power of the
envirocrats. Mountain Pass, the world’s largest lanthanide mine, is a treasure trove of
rare earth minerals like samarium, lanthium, europium and neodymium. The mine
owner, Molybdenum Corporation of America, invested millions of dollars developing
uses for these exotic elements in televisions, miniaturized motors, long-lasting
lightbulbs, super magnets, and hi-tech military applications. Thanks to these efforts,
the U.S. led the world in rare earth production and sparked a revolution in the use of
these important minerals. But federal and state regulators shut the mine down on
Don Fife, a professional geologist and columnist, called the government action a
"regulatory outrage" and "the coup de grace for America’s rare earth industry." "With
Mountain Pass Mine out of business," says Fife, "we are dependent on foreign
sources for our supply of these minerals. Since other countries produce only small
amounts of rare earths, nearly all of these militarily strategic minerals now come from
Farming and Ranching
The impact that the heavy hand of government exerts on farmers is well illustrated by
the story of would-be mushroom farmer Jim Starr. In 1998, Starr bought 11 acres of
agricultural land on Long Beach peninsula in Washington State. His plan was to raise
his family there, along with a variety of mushrooms for multiple niche markets, such
as gourmet restaurants, medicinal laboratories, and oil companies (for oil spill
clean-ups). Since he intended to run a 100 percent organic farm, he did not expect any
problems with environmental regulation. After he had invested more than $100,000 to
start up his mushroom operation, the Army Corps of Engineers threw a wrench in the
The Corps informed Starr that since his property included some 80-year-old drainage
ditches where water sometimes collected, his land had been designated a "critical
wetland." He would have to conduct a costly, time-consuming environmental impact
study and construct raised gravel beds for his mushroom plots. Finally, the Corps
nixed the mushroom enterprise altogether. The determined Starr decided then to try
raising grapes instead. But before he could plant his vineyard, he would have to file
(and fund, of course) another costly environmental impact study.
According to the Property Rights Foundation of America, Jim Starr has since been told
that his property is barred from all agricultural use and has given up trying to farm his
land. Starr’s experience reflects the crushing burden of government bureaucracy
afflicting farmers large and small all across America. Besides the costs and
aggravation of direct regulation putting them at a competitive disadvantage with foreign
producers, farmers are also hit hard by government policies that drive up the costs of
fuel, fertilizer, pesticides, tractors and other items essential to their operations. After
saddling farmers with these onerous burdens, the political class then hits the
American taxpayers for billions of dollars in subsidies and price supports to help the
But economic recession and "free trade" pressure may soon spell a drastic cutback, if
not an end, to the government subsidies and price supports, at the same time that
agricultural tariffs on foreign commodities are being dropped. Cutting subsidies to U.S.
family farms, however, will not mean an end to U.S. subsidies (through the World
Bank, IMF and other international institutions) to foreign agribusiness and U.S.
corporate giants with agricultural operations in Latin America, China and elsewhere.
Agricultural imports, which have already made major gains under NAFTA and the
World Trade Organization (WTO), will turn into a veritable flood if the proposed Free
Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) becomes a reality.
Both the Clinton and Bush administrations favored Communist China’s entry into the
WTO, which has provided the Beijing regime with greater trade advantages. During its
first year of WTO membership, China indicated it intends to target our agricultural
sector with the same aggressiveness that it has shown in going after our
manufacturing and hi-tech sectors.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently released a sobering, but little-publicized,
report entitled, China’s Exports Outpaced Imports During WTO Year One. The USDA
report shows that China used its first year of membership in the WTO to boost its
overall agricultural exports to $13 billion in 2002, an increase of more than $1.5 billion.
More than $1 billion worth of those exports flooded into the U.S., mostly in the form of
meat products, preserved food, fruits, vegetables and nuts. China’s U.S.-bound
exports would have been much higher except that bacteria, pesticide and chemical
residues in its meat products barred some of that merchandise from the U.S. market.
But U.S. corporations are helping China to overcome these problems with new
production plants and technology. One of the sales pitches for China’s WTO
membership was that China would be a huge market for U.S. corn growers. Just the
opposite; last year China exported 531 million bushels of corn.
Daryll E. Ray, who holds the Blasingame chair of excellence in agricultural policy at
the University of Tennessee, notes that "food sovereignty" and "food security" are
issues that are appreciated by virtually all national governments. Except, apparently,
the U.S. government. Agricultural agreements broke down at the WTO Cancun
summit in September because of policy conflicts between the U.S., the European
Union, and less developed countries. The less developed countries did not want to
open up their agricultural sectors to a flood of food imports that would put many of their
small farmers out of business and make them dependent on imported food. That is
"Agriculture is different," says Dr. Ray, "and nearly all countries view food production
as an issue of national security. We can do without a new television or DVD player for
months if we have to, but food is needed every day. No one minds importing bananas,
coffee and pomegranates. They are a nice addition to the diet, but not essential.
Wheat, rice, corn or cassava is another matter. Most countries want to be sure that, if
possible, they have immediate local access to these staples which form the core of
their diets. Food security is as important to nations as it is to individuals and families."
The Bush administration, like the Clinton administration before it, and like the
transnational, one-world corporate community, opposes this sane, common-sense
view. The Bush administration will claim otherwise, of course, but its support for
NAFTA/WTO/FTAA unmasks its true colors.
America’s cattle ranchers face threats similar to farmers from costly government
regulations and increasing pressures from cheap imports. With U.S. congressional
approval of NAFTA in 1993, Canadian and Mexican beef imports shot up dramatically
and U.S. cattle ranchers took a horrendous hit. Imports gained 20 percent of the U.S.
market. By the late 1990s, the USDA was reporting that U.S. beef producers were
losing nearly $100 per head. Tens of thousands of family ranches, including many that
had been putting beef on the American table for several generations, were driven out
The cattle operations that have survived are, for the moment, experiencing the best
beef market in years. That is only because Canadian beef has been banned since May
because of the danger of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). The FTAA would
swamp the U.S. market with meat imports from all of Latin America, virtually ending
independent family cattle ranching.
Wood products — lumber, plywood, fiber board, paper — are a renewable resource,
like other agricultural products harvested from the earth. However, politicians, federal
bureaucrats, and environmental radicals have gone to great lengths to limit the
availability and drive up the costs of these essential commodities. From Alaska to
Florida, Maine to California, the national forests are being locked up and placed
off-limits to human use. This is effectively pricing U.S. wood products off the market,
destroying tens of thousands of jobs, and making U.S. consumers dependent on
foreign suppliers for things that should be cheaply and abundantly available from
domestic producers. Claiming environmental imperatives for closing off the public
forests to timber harvesting, the enviro-fanatics are causing millions of acres of forest
to die from insect infestation and disease. Inevitably, this results in massive human,
environmental and economic loss from catastrophic wildfires, as the recent California
inferno has demonstrated. (See article on page 18.)
The green extremists are not content with merely locking up the enormous state and
federal forests; they intend to do the same with private forestlands as well. Jon
Reisman, associate professor of economics and public policy at the University of
Maine at Machias, has detailed the subversive program underway in Maine that also
finds its counterparts in every other state. Prof. Reisman writes:
Hundreds of millions of dollars in federal, state and private land trust
money are being targeted on private property in rural Maine, while the
media and political leaders applaud and enable these efforts. The natural
resource economic base of forestry, farming and fishing is steadily
shrinking and is under continuous regulatory and spiritual assault. Forest
landowners have become willing sellers and are indeed selling out in
droves. The only growth sector in the rural Maine economy is government
and non-profits that rely largely on government funding. The population is
leaving, and what remains is old, poor and powerless. Within 20 years I
expect most of rural Eastern Maine to be a "Wildland area" — no people,
no roads, no economic activity.
Prof. Reisman refers to the forces pushing this scheme as the "watermelon caucus,"
groups and individuals that are green on the outside, red on the inside.
The watermelon caucus, he says, is "an interlocking network of foundations,
non-governmental organizations and influential fellow travelers who have been
remarkably successful in pushing American public opinion towards a romantic
environmentalism that is contemptuous of science, technology, capitalism, individual
rights and freedom."
They are Marxists masquerading as environmentalists, plain and simple. As Prof.
Reisman puts it: "The watermelon caucus is committed to socialism: public
ownership of the land base."
William H. Beardsley, president of Husson College in Bangor, Maine, came face to
face with a member of the watermelon caucus who bragged of their conspiratorial
plan for destroying the state’s forest industries. In a September 2000 article in the
Portland Press Herald, Dr. Beardsley told of his meeting with one of the activist
leaders who laid out their strategy. Beardsley paraphrased the watermelon strategist’s
The forest industry is very capital intensive. One paper machine costs
hundreds of millions of dollars. If the industry does not invest in Maine,
Maine’s old mills cannot compete.
We do not have to win votes to close them down or make them
uneconomic. All we need to do is create uncertainty, risk and delay and
investors will put their money elsewhere. Holding repeated referendums
and achieving regulatory delay and uncertainty is all we need to do. The
rest is pure economics.
Behind the Madness
That is precisely the criminal scheme that they have been implementing in Maine and
elsewhere with spectacular success. However, the watermelon Marxists have
succeeded so spectacularly not because of their own brilliance or the inherent power
of their message, but because of the enormous financial aid they have received from
America’s largest foundations and corporations, as well as the unstinting support they
have enjoyed from our nation’s major media organizations. As we have repeatedly
shown in this magazine, critical funding for the socialist greens has always been
provided by some of the biggest names in capitalism, such as Rockefeller, Ford,
Carnegie, Turner, Mott, Hewlett-Packard, General Motors, Nike, Merrill Lynch, AOL
Time Warner, Pacific Bell, and Citigroup.
Why do so many of the capitalist elite fund and promote their sworn enemies? There
is a method to the madness. These elites are corporate socialists; they are monopoly,
not free enterprise, capitalists. They believe in capturing market share not by
producing better goods and services but by using the power of government to wipe out
their competition. They are internationalists, globalists, one-worlders. They may be
U.S. citizens, technically, but they feel no loyalty to this country. Their global, corporate
empires make them "citizens of the world," and they slavishly support the relentless
drive to empower the United Nations and transform it into a world government with
unrestrained, tyrannical power. They expect to be members of the oligarchy that will
control this planned, global tyranny.
The main obstacle to the globalist aspirations of these corporate socialists is the
American free enterprise system (at least, what still remains of it), with its millions of
independent entrepreneurs. That is why these one-worlders fund the Marxist schemes
of the watermelon caucus to hamstring our domestic industries. Then, while their
American competitors are crippled with regulatory burdens, they close the pincer
attack and hit them with a flood of cheap imports. Thus, they avidly support NAFTA,
the WTO, the FTAA and other "free trade" schemes. Under NAFTA, Canadian lumber
and paper goods have taken a heavy toll on our domestic producers. If allowed to
develop as planned by their "free trade" architects, the WTO and FTAA will completely
supplant domestic producers of wood and paper products with foreign producers from
China, Southeast Asia, New Zealand, Canada and Latin America. This same pincer
attack is closing in on all of our basic resource industries.
The Free Trade Area of the Americas, which the Bush administration is pressing to
have cemented in place by January of 2005, is the next major offensive in this ongoing
economic warfare the globalists are waging against America. If the FTAA is allowed to
become a reality, millions of independent American businesses and tens of millions of
American jobs will face certain extinction. Ultimately, the FTAA means engineered
extinction for our freedom and national sovereignty as well. The FTAA must be
stopped, if the people of the United States hope to remain a free, economically viable,
and sovereign nation.
That is not an impossible task. If the picture described in this article were understood
by just a small fraction of the nation’s opinion molders, the politicians would be
scrambling to unyoke America from these schemes. Let’s remember that the Clinton
administration and its internationalist cohorts were able to fasten NAFTA on America
only after a hard-fought battle and that NAFTA narrowly passed the House by a vote of
234 to 200 — and then only after an underhanded campaign employing massive
deception, bribery and extortion.
Family-owned Oil Fields Endangered
by William F. Jasper
Not only is federal regulation holding back development of badly needed new oil fields,
it continues to throttle existing production sites both big and small. On November 22,
2002, Steven R. Kennermuth related to the Sixth Annual New York State Conference
on Private Property Rights his family’s experience with the federal EPA. The
Kennermuths operated 75 wells on their family farm one hundred miles north of
Titusville, Pennsylvania, where Colonel Edwin L. Drake drilled the first commercially
successful oil well in 1859. Like thousands of other small family oil operations, it
produced only gallons (not barrels) of crude per day. These small operations
contribute significantly to our nation’s total energy supply and provide income to
families and communities. They are, however, being driven to extinction.
Although none of the Kennermuths’ neighbors complained and the EPA cited no
environmental damage or violations of the law, the agency plagued the family business
with fines and harassment. The pressures contributed to the declining health of
Steven Kennermuth’s mother and her untimely death. After 45 years of continuous
operation, the family’s oil production was shut down. Mr. Kennermuth described his
surviving 86-year-old father, who worked the oil field and the farm all those years: "He
has always been a God-fearing, law-abiding, self-employed, tax-paying, family man.
He is a combat veteran of four major campaigns and a loyal American. He served his
country honorably as a member of the 79th Infantry Division in WW II from the invasion
of Normandy at Utah Beach through to the Battle of the Bulge with General Patton and
ending in Czechoslovakia in May, 1945."
But after a lifetime as a loyal American, the elder Mr. Kennermuth found his
government treating him worse than it does its enemies. Steven Kennermuth says
that in a phone conversation "Dad once asked an agent of the Justice Department why
his government saw fit to give 900 million taxpayer dollars to Russia, our one-time
sworn enemy, to refurbish their oil industry while emasculating our own through
regulatory overkill. Dad said he would appreciate it if the government would just treat
him like it treats its enemies."
911 Victim Ellen Mariani Open Letter To The POTUS
Thursday, 27 November 2003, 1:36 pm
Press Release: Ellen Mariani Lawsuit
Open Letter To The President Of The United States
This ''open letter'' is coming from my heart. I want you to know that I am
neither a Republican nor a Democrat and that this is not an attempt to ''bash
You Mr. Bush should be held responsible and liable for any and all acts that
were committed to aid in any "cover up" of the tragic events of September 11,
2001. As President you have a duty to protect the American people. On
September 11th you did not instruct your staff to issue a nationwide emergency
warning/alert to advise us of the attack on America. We had to receive the news
the attacks via the news networks.
In the months leading up to the attacks you were repeatedly advised of a
possible attack on American soil. During your daily intelligence briefings you
were given information that had been uncovered that the very real possibility
existed that certain undesirable elements would use commercial aircraft to
destroy certain "target" buildings. You never warned the American people of
possible threat. Who were you protecting?
When you took no responsibility towards protecting the general public from
the possibility of attack, you were certainly not upholding the oath you spoke
when you took office. In that oath you pledged to uphold the Constitution of
the United States of America.
On the morning of the attack, you and members of your staff were fully aware
of the unfolding events yet you chose to continue on to the Emma E. Booker
Elementary School to proceed with a scheduled event and "photo op". While our
nation was under attack you did not appear to blink an eye or shed a tear. You
continued on as if everything was "business as usual".
In the days following the attacks all air traffic was grounded and Americans,
including myself, were stranded wherever they had been when the flight ban
was imposed. I was stranded at Midway Airport in Chicago, unable to continue on
to California for my daughter's wedding. Imagine my surprise when I later
found out that during this "no fly" period a number of people were flown out of
the country on a 747 with Arabic lettering on the fuselage. None of these
were interviewed or questioned by any local, State or Federal agencies. Why
were they allowed to leave and who exactly was on that flight. We know for a
fact that some of the people on the flight were members of (or related to) the
royal family of Saudi Arabia and members of the Bin Laden family. Were these
people allowed to leave because of the long-standing relationships that your
family has with both families?
It is my belief that you intentionally allowed 9/11 to happen to gather
public support for a "war on terrorism". These wars, in Afghanistan and Iraq,
not accomplished what you stated were your goals. Why have you not captured
Osama Bin Laden? Where are Saddam's weapons of mass destruction? All that has
happened is a bill that is passed before Congress for 87 billion dollars to
rebuild what you ordered blown to bits. As an American who lost a loved one in
"war on terror" I do pray and support our troops who were sent to Afghanistan
and Iraq by you. These troops have and will continue to die for your lies. As
an American I can make this statement as it appears that associates of your
family may stand to prosper from the rebuilding of Afghanistan and Iraq.
Mr. Bush the time has come for you to stop your control over us. Stop
blocking the release of certain evidence and documents that were discovered by
9/11 Investigation Commission if you have nothing to hide proving you did not
fail to act and prevent the attacks of 9/11. Your reason for not releasing this
material is that it is a matter of "national security". When in fact I believe
that it is your personal credibility/security that you are concerned with.
You do not want the public to know the full extent of your responsibility and
After 9/11 the Patriot Act and Homeland Security Act were passed. Both of
these allow the government to tap your telephone, search your home, and seize
whatever they feel they need to do on a whim. They can do this without a
review or a warrant. I feel that this is in direct conflict with our rights as
stated in the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
We the families of 9/11 victims need to have answers to the following
1. Why were 29 pages of the 9/11committee report personally censored at your
2. Where are the "black boxes" from Flight 11 and Flight 175?
3. Where are the "voice recorders" from Flight 11 and Flight 175?
4. Why can't we gain access to the complete air traffic control records for
Flight 11 and Flight 175?
5. Where are the airport surveillance tapes that show the passengers boarding
the doomed flights?
6. When will complete passenger lists for all of the flights be released?
7. Why did your brother Jeb (the Governor of Florida) go to the offices of
the Hoffman Aviation School and order that flight records and files be removed?
These files were then put on a C130 government cargo plane and flown out of
the country. Where were they taken and who ordered it done?
It has been over two years since hundreds of our lost loved ones "remains"
have still yet to be identified and their remains placed in a landfill at Fresh
Kill. We want our heroes brought back and given a public and proud resting
place where we all can pay our respects and honor them. These innocent people
never had a chance as they were taken from us on that sad September Day.
In the court of public opinion Mr. Bush, your lies are being uncovered each
day. My husband, all of the other victims and their families and our nation as
a whole, has been victimized by your failed leadership prior to and after 9/11!
I will prove this in a court of law!
Ellen M. Mariani
Home Page | International | Previous Story | Next Story
Copyright (c) Scoop Media
Makow - Why the Bankers
Love The Left
Anti Capitalism, Anti Semitism Are Diversions
By Henry Makow PhD
Count Cherep-Spiridovitch was a Czarist general who battled the Bolsheviks in the
1917 Russian Revolution.
In 1926 he published a book entitled "The Secret World Government" which shows
how the Rothschilds' plan for world tyranny ("the Jewish Conspiracy") dominates
Secret World Government is generally considered "right wing" and "anti Semitic."
The "right wing" and "anti Semitic" smear is revealing:
1) It shows the extent society already has been brainwashed and subverted.
2) It reveals how the bogus issue of anti Semitism is used to deflect attention from a
genuine and mortal threat to humanity.
3) It explains the true meaning of "right wing" and why the Left is an instrument of
LOOK AT THE US CIVIL WAR
Compare the treatment of this war in "The Secret World Government" with "A
Peoples History of the United States" by Howard Zinn, a Leftist.
Cherep-Spiridovitch cites an interview with the German
chancellor Otto von Bismarck in 1876. Bismarck
explained that the Rothschilds who controlled Europe
were afraid the United States would become
independent of them if it remained one nation.
"They foresaw tremendous booty if they could
substitute two feeble democracies indebted to the
Jewish financiers to the vigorous republic confident and
self providing. Therefore they started their emissaries in
order to exploit the question of slavery and thus to dig
an abyss between the two parts of the republic." (180)
The Illuminati used the Masonic "Knights of the Golden
Circle" formed in 1854 by George W. L. Bickley, to
spread racial tension by making slavery an issue.
Members included Lincoln assassin John Wilkes Booth, Confederate President
Jefferson Davis, and his adviser Judah P. Benjamin, the Confederate Secretary of
War, a Rothschild agent.
The plan was to divide the United Sates between England controlled by Lionel
Rothschild and France, controlled by James Rothschild. France was to take over the
whole South while Canada annexed the defeated North. In 1863 France and Spain
invaded Mexico with 30,000 troops. The embattled Confederate States actually
offered Louisiana and Texas to France in exchange for its assistance.
Britain, France and other European powers were ready to enter the war but were
deterred by Russia, the only European power not in the Rothschild's thrall. Czar
Alexander II sent his fleets to New York and San Francisco and declared that an
attack on Lincoln was an attack on Russia.
Meanwhile Lincoln created "greenback" dollars to finance the war and escape
indebtedness to the foreign financiers. "They understood at once that the United
States would escape their grip," Bismarck said." The death of Lincoln was resolved
upon. Nothing is easier than to find a fanatic to strike." (180) (See also The Civil
War and Control of Money. http://user.pa.net/~drivera/14controlmoney.htm)
Compare this with Howard Zinn who although a Leftist, makes no mention of
European financiers. His book, a soap opera of oppression, depicts the war as a
clash of "elites."
"The Northern elite wanted economic expansion.... The slave interests opposed all
that. " (189) Again, "The American government had set out to ... retain the
enormous national territory and market and resources. " (198)
In other words "capitalism" in general and not the Rothschild Illuminati caused this
heinous war that cost 500,000 soldiers' lives and eight billion dollars. Is it any
wonder these bankers, who are the real establishment, love the Left? Is it any
wonder they populate our universities with pious Leftists (and Feminists) who never
question why they are pulling down big salaries if they are really defying the
Another Leftist Pied Piper is Noam Chomsky who attributes all evil to capitalism
and American imperialism. As far as I know, he never mentions the Rothschilds, the
lluminati, the Council on Foreign Relations or the New World Order. He pretends
that Oklamhoma City and 9-11 were not inside jobs.
"We shall erase from the memories of men all facts of previous centuries which are
undesirable to us," say the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. "And leave only those
which depict all the errors of the government of the goyim." (Protocol 16)
The problem is not American capitalism but the control of the nation's credit by a
small private international group, which has used this advantage to build a monopoly
in every key industry. This international group is behind western imperialism. Its
totalitarian occult agenda (a.k.a, globalism) is now the corporate policy of the world.
The victim paradigm typically purveyed by socialists like Zinn and Chomsky creates
internal division and diverts attention from the Illuminati bankers and their cartels. It
places the blame on capitalism and the US, which has been under their control for
almost a century. It teaches each new generation to be alienated from their country,
culture and economic system, and to become dysfunctional and impotent.
The bankers want Big Government that they control through debt. They need the
global police state to ensure that no nation defaults or rebels. The invasion of Iraq is
another step in creating the bankers' "1984" tyranny.
Like Anti Americanism, Anti Semitism is another tactic to divert attention from the
Rothschild's Satanic plan for world tyranny. Let's stop pretending it isn't real. It is
the real source of Communism, the real cause of mankind's moral paralysis and
"According to Bismarck the awful Civil War in America was fomented by a Jewish
Conspiracy, and Abraham Lincoln the hero and national saint of the United States
was killed by the same Hidden Hand which killed six Romanov Czars, ten kings and
scores of Ministers only to easier bleed their nations." (181)
He is not talking about Jews in general but only those who belong to the Rothschild
Illuminati agenda. His book makes an appeal to righteous Jews, and recognizes that
many gentiles have sold out.
"The Jews should bring to bay the 'Satanists' who corrupt the countries in which
they have found asylum," the Preface says: " the Gentiles should render every Judas
who accepts the bribes of the Jews."
Why do so many Jews think they are responsible for the Rothschilds and the
Illuminati? They are not. They should stop acting like they were. It looks suspicious.
The bankers' Satanic Conspiracy is the source of anti Semitism. The sooner Jews
rise up to oppose it; the sooner anti Semitism will end.
Obviously many so-called Christians are involved. When I criticize Rockefeller, no
one says anything about "anti Christianism."
Who actually is behind the terrorist attacks in Turkey last week, including those on
synagogues? Throughout history the Illuminati have used terror to control people
and incite war. A CIA agent was maimed preparing a bomb in the Philippines
recently. These attacks may be designed to prove the war on terror is genuine rather
than a flimsy pretext for a police state.
The Rothschild Illuminati Conspiracy is the essential challenge facing mankind. It
must be addressed loudly and squarely. Attacks on American imperialism, capitalism
and "hate" (anti Semitism) are cynical diversions.
The world is in the advanced stage of a diabolical multi generational conspiracy. The
general method and goal have been revealed in The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/przion1.htm Our educators, leaders and media have
largely been subverted.
A "right wing crackpot" is anyone who favours individual freedom and self-reliance,
family, nation, race, and God. These are the things that the Illuminati conspiracy
needs to destroy.
As one time US Presidential candidate Norman Thomas said, "The American people
will never knowingly adopt Socialism. But under the name of 'liberalism' they will
adopt every fragment of the Socialist program, until one day America will be a
Socialist nation, without knowing how it happened." Substitute "Communist" for
"Socialist" and you can see what is happening.
There is a curse that says may you "live in interesting times." This is our curse and
our challenge. Let us rise to it.
Henry Makow Ph.D. is the inventor of the board game Scruples and the author of
"A Long Way to go for a Date." His articles on feminism and the new world order
are stored on his web site www.savethemales.ca He enjoys receiving comments at
The Bush Plan for Cuba
by Sharmini Peries in Toronto
The Hindu, India's National Newspaper Sunday, Nov. 23, 2003
President Bush's recently unveiled plan to bring down the Fidel Castro
government in Cuba bears close resemblance to the one for Iraq and is
designed with the 2004 Presidential election in focus.
"Anyone who has the power to make you believe absurdities has the
power to make you commit injustices." - Voltaire, 1767
FOREGROUNDING the 2004 United States election campaign, President
George W. Bush announced on October 10 before a gathering of anti-
Castro Cuban-American constituents at a ceremony in the White House's
Rose Garden that the U.S. administration was planning to bring down
President Fidel Castro's Cuban government. In the statement, Bush
officially directed his Secretary of State Colin Powell and Cuban-born
Housing Secretary Mel Martinez to chair a panel that would "plan for
the happy days when Castro's regime is no more... The transition to
democracy and freedom will present many challenges to the Cuban people
and to America, and we will be prepared."
Bush's announcement, which came on the 135th anniversary of the
beginning of the Cuban war of independence from Spain, was timed to
raise the temperatures among anti-Castro Americans and urge them to
join the Bush-Powell plan against Cuba. Speaking from Washington on
behalf of the world's conscience, the U.S. President justified plans
for corrective measures in Cuba as necessary, stating that Castro had
acted in "defiance and contempt with a new round of brutal oppression
that outraged world conscience".
In addition to this, Bush aired a 40-second-long radio message in
Spanish targeted at the domestic population of Cuba. "On behalf of the
people of the United States, I send greetings to the Cuban community.
My hope is for the Cuban people to soon enjoy the same freedoms and
rights as we do... . Dictatorships have no place in the Americas. May
God bless the Cuban people who are struggling for freedom," he said.
The taped radio message was aired on May 20 by Radio Marti, a U.S.
government station, and beamed into Cuba via Guantanamo Bay satellites
on the 101st anniversary of Cuban independence.
Cuban-American and other groups that include U.S. right-wing advocates
have been lobbying the White House for changes in policy toward Cuba.
The anti-Castro Cuban-American constituents are the most powerful of
the anti-communist exile groups in the U.S. The Cuban-American
National Foundation is well funded by the U.S. government and has posh
offices close to the White House on Jefferson Street in Washington
D.C. But the organisation is based in Florida, and has chapter offices
in Chicago, Jacksonville, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New Jersey, Puerto
Rico and Tampa, all of which have been ardently lobbying the Bush
administration to adopt a regime change policy for Cuba.
In response, the Bush administration has been planting a series of
pre-invasion-type tactics for Operation Free Cuba. With a view to
gaining support for this invasive venture, to test the waters, and to
identify friends and foes in Latin America, Colin Powell spoke to the
delegates of the Organisation of American States (OAS) about the U.S.
plans for Cuba on June 9, 2003, a week after signing the U.S.-Chile
Free Trade Agreement in the safety of an American Hyatt Regency Hotel,
in Santiago, Chile. Powell classified Castro's as "the only
totalitarian dictatorship existing in the hemisphere". Powell
audaciously assumed that there is an ideological conflict between
President Castro and his people. He said: "We have come too far not to
continue the journey and help the people of Cuba ultimately to achieve
a democratic system where they can decide who their leaders will be
through a free, open democratic process." He urged the OAS to play a
key role in the "democratic transition" ! in Cuba. He asked: "What
does that mean in concrete terms?" Answering his own question, he
said: "We must consider that this country, Cuba, as suspended by the
OAS." He was clearly suggesting that Cuba is not worthy of its
sovereignty or readmission to the OAS. Cuba remains suspended from the
OAS under U.S. pressure since 1962. Ignoring opposition from Brazil,
Argentina and Venezuela, Powell continued his assertions at the OAS.
One could not ignore the parallel between this and the U.S. manoeuvres
orchestrated at the United Nations and at the League of Arab Nations
in its attempt to isolate Iraq before the invasion.
The challenge here is to decipher if this announcement is a part of
the long-standing historical diatribes, agitation and aggression by
the U.S. towards Cuba. Or is it a surge of new hostility under way for
Latin America in general, and Cuba in particular, from the Bush
administration? Juxtaposing its latest announcement on Cuba with the
pre-emptive patterns and strategies employed on Afghanistan and Iraq,
one must ask if this is another theatre of the "war on terror" and
"regime change" in the works for the continuation of the U.S. war
pathology. Or is it to fuel anti-communist, anti-Cuban sentiments and
raise fear among the U.S. public in order to launch yet another war,
with the Florida constituents, who played a decisive role in the key
State of Florida in the last U.S. federal election (since it was the
U.S. Supreme Court which decided in favour of Bush over Al Gore in
that election, and not the U.S. citizens, as a democracy would call
for) at heart? Most likely it is all of the above and more.
In an election year, the Bush-Powell malice and shameless plan for
Cuba would please Florida's Governor and the President's brother, Jeb
Bush, and his anti-Castro Cuban-American constituents. Florida is
expected to be the swing vote in the next U.S. presidential election.
Bush in his October 10 announcement reiterated that the U.S. would
tighten the American travel embargo (this is in direct defiance of the
U.S. House of Representatives' and Senate's decision wherein the
Senate voted 59-36 to bar the use of government funds to enforce the
current travel restrictions to Cuba), and also crack down on illegal
cash transfers to Cuba.
He also announced plans to increase the number of visas for Cuban
immigrants to the U.S. and said that aggressive campaigns would be
undertaken to inform Cubans about safer routes to reach the U.S. Bush
said that his administration would increase U.S. radio and television,
satellite and Internet broadcasts to Cuba to break the "information
embargo" that President Castro has in place to protect his nation from
the U.S. meddling in its internal affairs. Bush also indicated that he
was setting up a "Commission for Assistance in a Free Cuba to plan for
the day when communism would collapse".
These tactics undoubtedly mean that Guantanamo Bay will become the
headquarters of Operation Free Cuba. Commercial flights will operate
from there for fleeing Cubans, and radio and television satellites
directed at Cuba will be set up. Its growing capacity as a military
launch pad cannot be ignored either.
Such grandiose political inflection of the New American Empire's
expansionist mission for the world becomes even more evident if one
simply replaces Cuba with Iraq in Bush's statement. The wording will
echo his Iraq war forespeak and strategies. As for "weapons of mass
destruction", in Cuba's case it is the manufacturing of biological
weapons. One must not forget that in May 2002 former U.S. President
Jimmy Carter, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize that same year, made
a landmark visit to Cuba after the U.S. made allegations about Cuba's
biological weapons. His trip included tours to scientific centres that
were allegedly producing these weapons, but he found no evidence for
the allegations. Carter is the first former U.S. President to visit
Cuba since the 1959 revolution that brought Castro to power.
If one compiles the nourishing of the anti-Cuban sentiments within the
U.S. before the 2004 elections; the reach into Cuba with
radio/television facilitated by the Guantanamo Bay satellite dishes;
the continued support for anti-Castro Cuban dissidents; the economic
positioning of the U.S. in Latin America; the diplomatic venture at
the OAS led by Powell; the military strategy related to allegations of
biological weapons manufacture; the recent overt and covert U.S.
operations to destabilise Latin American governments (such as those in
Venezuela and Colombia) which raise eyebrows at the U.S.; and the
punitive actions against those that supports Cuba; the similarities to
the pre-Iraq invasion tactics become rather plain.
YET one would think that the Bush administration would be a bit more
gun-shy and cautious of defending the "democracy and freedom" in Cuba
given the historical record of failed U.S. attempts in Cuba, which is
just 90 miles (about 145 km) across the Florida Strait. Since the
1820s, Cuba has been targeted by U.S. administrations as a state that
needed to be controlled because of its geographical proximity to the
U.S. The latest U.S. plans for Cuba - 42 years after the Bay of Pigs
debacle of the John F. Kennedy/Lyndon B. Johnson administration -
shows that the U.S. will persist with its aggression towards Cuba. The
arrogance, ignorance and incompetence displayed by the Kennedy/Johnson
administration towards Castro's revolution have not informed the Bush-
Powell administration well enough. What awaits them in Cuba and Latin
America at large is underestimated. As the U.S. queers the pitch for
an economic and military aggression on Cuba and Latin America, the
resistance of the targets grows.
By now it is clear that the U.S.' continued slander of President
Castro as a fanatic, totalitarian dictator is no different from their
accusations against Saddam Hussein. In the latter case they managed to
convince their allies and most U.S. citizens. And they may do it again
in Castro's case. Nevertheless, what is the real angst that the U.S.
has about Cuba? There is only one answer - Cuba's resilience. For such
a small nation it has been remarkably ardent in its continued
resistance against the U.S. in spite of economic embargos that
threatened to strangle its fragile economy; denial of essential
medical supplies; military threats; and diplomatic haranguing. Cuba
has stood tall against American dominance of the world for well over
four decades. It had taken the leadership mantle in the Non-Aligned
Movement to oppose the war on Iraq and to lead the struggle against
the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). Finally, it survived the
collapse of the Soviet Union. Further, Cuba has rallied social
movements and their intellectuals behind its efforts. Cuba recently
hosted the 21st Assembly of the Latin American Social Science Council
(CLACSO), a network of research institutions, in Havana. Castro opened
the session. Prominent leftist intellectuals with international
profiles, such as Perry Anderson, Noam Chomsky, Eric Toussaint, Samir
Amin and Robert Dahl (Professor Emeritus on Latin America, Yale
University), attended the conference. Among the many significant Latin
American intellectuals and leaders of social movements were Atilio
Boron (Argentina), Ana Cecena and Pablo Gonzalez Casanova (both
Mexico) and Evo Morales (Bolivia). The respect that Fidel Castro has
earned in resisting U.S. efforts to annex the Latin American continent
is phenomenal. Cuba has without doubt been a huge blow to the American
What then is in reserve for the U.S. if it continues this aggression
beyond covert operations in Cuba? The Bush administration will have to
contend with the U.S. Congress and the Senate, and also an ever-
growing resilience in Latin America itself. Large, influential nations
such as Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela are supported by populations
that have clearly articulated a growing resistance to U.S. economic,
military and political dominance in their countries and in the region.
The recent developments in Bolivia (where the President was forced to
resign in October and take refuge in Miami like many other U.S.-
supporting leaders in Latin America who endorsed the neo-liberal
agenda), have been seen by Latin American left analysts and
intellectuals as a trajectory of political shifts yet to come. All
these developments go to say that Cuba is not alone in its battle
against the U.S. Empire.
Copyright: 1995 - 2002 The Hindu
America's Enemy Within
By Naomi Klein
Wednesday 26 November 2003
Armed checkpoints, embedded reporters in flak jackets, brutal suppression of
peaceful demonstrators. Baghdad? No, Miami
In December 1990, President George Bush Sr travelled through South America to sell the continent
on a bold new dream: "A free trade system that links all of the Americas." Addressing the Argentine
Congress, he said that the plan, later to be named the Free Trade Area of the Americas, would be "our
hemisphere's new declaration of interdependence the brilliant new dawn of a splendid new world."
Last week, Bush's two sons joined forces to try to usher in that new world by holding the FTAA
negotiations in Florida. This is the state that Governor Jeb Bush vowed to "deliver" to his brother during
the 2000 presidential elections, even if that meant keeping many African-Americans from exercising
their right to vote. Now Jeb was vowing to hand his brother the coveted trade deal, even if that meant
keeping thousands from exercising their right to protest.
Despite the brothers' best efforts, the dream of a hemisphere united into a single free-market
economy died last week - killed not by demonstrators in Miami but by the populations of Argentina,
Brazil and Bolivia, who let their politicians know that if they sign away more power to foreign
multinationals, they may as well not come home.
The Brazilians brokered a compromise that makes the agreement a pick-and-choose affair, allowing
governments to sign on to the parts they like and refuse the ones they don't. Washington will continue
to bully countries into sweeping trade contracts on the model of the North American Free Trade
Agreement, but there will be no single, unified deal.
Inside the Inter-Continental hotel, it was being called "FTAA lite". Outside, we experienced
something heavier: "War lite". The more control the US trade representatives lost at the negotiating
table, the more raw power the police exerted on the streets.
Small, peaceful demonstrations were attacked with extreme force; organisations were infiltrated by
undercover officers who used stun guns; buses of union members were prevented from joining permitted
marches; people were beaten with batons; activists had guns pointed at their heads at checkpoints.
Police violence outside trade summits is not new; what was striking about Miami was how divorced
the security response was from anything resembling an actual threat. From an activist perspective, the
protests were small and obedient, an understandable response to weeks of police intimidation.
The FTAA Summit in Miami represents the official homecoming of the "war on terror". The latest
techniques honed in Iraq - from a Hollywoodised military to a militarised media - have now been used
on a grand scale in a major US city. "This should be a model for homeland defence," the Miami mayor,
Manny Diaz, said of the security operation that brought together over 40 law-enforcement agencies,
from the FBI to the Department of Fish and Wildlife.
For the Miami model to work, the police had to establish a connection between legitimate activists
and dangerous terrorists. Enter the Miami police chief, John Timoney, an avowed enemy of activist
"punks", who classified FTAA opponents as "outsiders coming in to terrorise and vandalise our city".
With the activists recast as dangerous aliens, Miami became eligible for the open tap of public
money irrigating the "war on terror". In fact, $8.5m spent on security during the FTAA meeting came
out of the $87bn Bush extracted from Congress for Iraq last month.
But more was borrowed from the Iraq war than just money. Miami police also invited reporters to
"embed" with them in armoured vehicles and helicopters. As in Iraq, most reporters embraced their role
as pseudo soldiers with zeal, suiting up in combat helmets and flak jackets.
The resulting media coverage was the familiar wartime combination of dramatic images and
non-information. We know, thanks to an "embed" from the Miami Herald, that Timoney was working so
hard hunting down troublemakers that by 3:30pm on Thursday "he had eaten only a banana and a
cookie since 6am".
Local TV stations didn't cover the protests so much as hover over them. Their helicopters showed
images of confrontations, but instead of hearing the voices on the streets - voices pleading with police
to stop shooting and clearly following orders to disperse - we heard only from police officials and perky
news anchors commiserating with the boys on the front line.
Meanwhile, independent journalists who dared to do their jobs and film the police violence up close
were actively targeted. "She's not with us," one officer told another as they grabbed Ana Nogueira, a
correspondent with Pacifica Radio's Democracy Now! who was covering a peaceful protest outside the
Miami-Dade county jail. When the police established that Nogueira was "not with us" (ie neither an
embedded reporter nor undercover cop) she was hauled away and charged.
The Miami model of dealing with domestic dissent reaches far beyond a single meeting. On
Sunday, the New York Times reported on a leaked FBI bulletin revealing "a coordinated, nationwide
effort to collect intelligence" on the anti-war movement. The memorandum singles out lawful protest
activities. Anthony Romero, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union, said the document
revealed that "the FBI is targeting Americans who are engaged in lawful protest. The line between
terrorism and legitimate civil disobedience is blurred."
We can expect more of these tactics on the homeland front. Just as civil liberties violations
escalated when Washington lost control over the FTAA process, so will repression increase as Bush
faces the ultimate threat: losing control over the White House.
Already, Jim Wilkinson, director of strategic communications at US Central Command in Doha,
Qatar (the operation that gave the world the Jessica Lynch rescue), has moved to New York to head up
media operations for the Republican National Convention. "We're looking at embedding reporters," he
told the New York Observer of his plans to use some of the Iraq tricks during the convention. "We're
looking at new and interesting camera angles."
The war is coming home.
BY JEFF SHAW | 11.26.03
Corporations profit from indigenous genes
You can't own a Hagahai man from Papua New Guinea, not even if you're a
scientist. As a scientist you can, however, have part of him delivered
to your door for $200 plus $81.50 in shipping and handling.
When you call the American Type Culture Collection and ask for
CRL-10528, you'll get this man's "cell line"-a group of human cells that
contains an individual's complete genetic code. Remarkably, that his
genome can be found only in this way reflects a victory: His cell line
was Patent No. 5,397,696 until international protests forced the U.S.
government to drop its claim, in part because his cell line was taken
Companies have two incentives to secure patents, which confer exclusive
use rights over genetic material: Any profits from drugs developed
through patented data go directly to the holder, and any future
researcher wishing to use patented data typically must pay a royalty
fee. This is true even in cases like that involving the Hagahai people
in which genetic material was taken without their consent.
A genetically engineered future has consequences for everyone. But this
is especially true for native people.
According to the U.N. Development Program, 80 percent of the world's
remaining biodiversity is located in indigenous territories. And the
people who live there are thought to offer "narrow" gene pools-or
distinct populations that can facilitate genetic study.
But a disjuncture between native belief and Western science also occurs
at the most basic level: Many native people hold that all life is
sacred. And to remove part of it, even a blood sample, can restrict
one's ability to pass into the next stage of life.
"There's no natural fit there," says Debra Harry, a Northern Paiute
Indian and executive director of the Indigenous Peoples Council on
Biocolonialism (IPCB), a nonprofit watchdog organization.
Deepening the concern over genetic study is a lack of standards. In many
cases DNA has been obtained and patented without prior approval or a
full understanding of what is at work. Private companies are the most
active gene hunters. But they are not subject to strict federal
regulatory and oversight guidelines if they don't take public dollars.
Additionally, if a cell line helps develop the next Viagra, nothing
forces these companies to share proceeds with the person from whom the
genetic information came. In other words, private companies can go onto
reservations without disclosing what they're doing, take DNA samples
without saying why, get rich from the information, and not share the
bounty with its often impoverished source.
"All over the world, indigenous peoples have been able to maintain our
culture and exist despite the negative effects of colonization," says
Tom Goldtooth, director of the Indigenous Environmental Network. "We
have some strong genes. Our genetic pool is something that scientists in
industry are interested in.
"Our organization is very cautious of any market-based solution for
trade in pharmaceuticals," he adds. "I don't trust [indigenous genetic]
information being held by systems outside our community, systems that
have never been accountable."
No consent obtained
A long history of colonization has created particular sensitivity among
indigenous peoples to issues of honesty, respect and consent, and these
feelings intensify when research subjects are duped. Judy Gobert, of
Blackfeet, Nakota, and Salish descent and chairwoman of the IPCB board,
has a background in microbiology and biochemistry and formerly conducted
research into HIV. But when she gave birth to her first child in 1989,
she unwittingly became part of a federal study on maternal transmission
Fetal blood from every baby born in Indian Health Services hospitals at
the time was tested for the disease-without informing the mother. Gobert
didn't find out she'd been a research subject until the study was
released two years later.
"In Indian Country, we were scared to death of AIDS at the time. We
would have gladly participated in the study if they'd asked us," says
Gobert, now director of the Indigenous Research Center, a health
Native people in the United States aren't the only ones who face these
issues. British Columbia's Nuu-chah-nulth tribe gave hundreds of blood
samples in the early '80s for an arthritis study and were shocked to
learn two decades later that the researcher had kept nearly 1,000 vials
of their blood for use in future work-for which tribal members had not
Tribes rarely benefit
With or without consent, Indian communities rarely benefit from genetic
studies. In the HIV study, for instance, no research subject was told if
her child had the virus despite knowledge that early treatment increases
The question of who benefits goes deeper. Gobert contends that
emphasizing DNA as an answer itself shortchanges indigenous people:
Treating genetics as a silver bullet for disease often comes at the
expense of funding treatment and prevention strategies that are more
proven to work.
"Now we have this new breed of magic potion salesman, only they're
called genetic engineers," Gobert says. "They're saying 'we can cure
diabetes, we can cure heart disease.' But people, native and non-native,
are seeing that many of these diseases are lifestyle diseases, not
The gene chase diverts attention away from what is desperately needed in
indigenous communities: Prevention, the organization argues, is the best
way to reduce Indian Country's deadly and debilitating diabetes
epidemic; lifestyle education could fight heart disease and
hypertension; addiction treatment programs for alcoholism can halt more
alcohol abuse than a search for some "binge-drinking gene."
This isn't to say genetic science could never benefit tribes. Lisa
Brooks, director of the genetic variation program at the National
Institutes of Health, disavows genetic determinism-the notion that genes
make up all of who we are-but says DNA research has potential.
"The goal is to understand the gene process in a way that allows you to
intervene," Brooks says. "If you can find a gene that affects diabetes,
that gives you insight into how the disease works. Finding a gene helps
you understand how genes and environmental contributions interact to
produce a disease."
That's far from a sure thing, Brooks acknowledges. Scientists have known
about the variant gene that causes sickle-cell anemia, a painful and
usually fatal blood disorder affecting one in 12 African Americans, for
decades without producing a cure.
Concessions called for
Though genes guarantee nothing, DNA patent applications continue to
explode, especially among U.S. corporations. Lawrence Rausch of the
National Science Foundation says 7,810 "international patent
families"-items protected by patent in more than one country-for human
DNA sequences were issued between 1980 and 1999. Of those, the United
States secured 5,610. That's 72 percent of the total and nearly 5,000
more than its closest competitor, Japan. Over 400 American corporations
applied for patents, more than twice the number from Japan and the
unified European Patent Office combined.
Like gold miners before them, gene prospectors stake claims over parts
of the human genome in the hopes of hitting the financial mother lode.
"It's about money now-it's not about the science," says Gobert.
Several Indian nations have responded by passing anti-bioprospecting
laws. The Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes adopted a resolution
in 1998 severely restricting genetic research on their Montana
reservation. The resolution declared, "Scientific research and genetic
exploitation of indigenous peoples represents the greatest threat to
American Indians since the European colonization of the Americas."
Other tribes have followed suit, using a "model law" developed by the
IPCB as a template.
Some would just as soon be subjected to no genetic research whatsoever.
Among those who don't rule out the prospect, two fundamental demands
Informed consent: Glossing over what research involves or taking consent
as a given, including so-called "secondary uses" of samples like the
Nuu-chah-nulth blood, represents profound disrespect. When asked if
gaining prior and full approval makes a difference to native people,
Gobert replies simply, "Oh, God, yes."
Meaningful and binding consultation: This matters so much to U.S. native
leaders that they elicited a 1998 presidential executive order
reaffirming an obligation to consult tribal governments "on matters that
significantly or uniquely affect their communities."
Working at the ground level with tribes and tribal governments has been
effective for Indian people and researchers alike. Gobert cites the work
of researcher Dr. James Jarvis with the University of Oklahoma Health
Sciences Center as example. Jarvis is working with tribes to improve
diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, one of the most common
debilitating conditions affecting Indian people. Indigenous people
aren't opposed to research, Gobert says, and support "valid DNA studies"
like this that are "of value to people, and being done sensitively" in
cooperation with tribal councils and affected communities.
"It's not that we're against science," Gobert says. "We see science as a
tool-a tool to preserve our land, our water, our air, our plants-not as
a weapon, not as a way to make money. So we have a different view of
science than the majority of the Western world."
Subject: History of "40 Acres and Mule" - by IJP, page Sunday September 14, 2003
"History of 40 Acres and a Mule"
Resolutions:www.TheDish.ws hosts the original "40 Acres & A Mule" legal document. It's historical and once you read it . . . This is just a small sampling of the many articles on this topic that appeared in The DISH and elsewhere.
Tony Hall's Resolution 1999-2000 John Conyers' H.R. 40 (1989) Thaddeus Stevens' H.R. 29 (1867)
History of Reparation Related Payments, Examples
Letter to the Editor: www.thedish.ws; Detroit Free Press (July 19th 2000, Detroit MI USA 48226
2003 USA $? Trillion 9/11 2001 Terrorism Diaster: >3,000 victum, families propose suing gov of Saudi Arabia, Sudan & some royal family members in 2003
2002 USA $? Million Catholic Church Child Molestation Sins, Summary 1996 USA $25M Settlement Offer to 96 families, AZ Navajo-Hopi & Dineh area
199x Swiss $1.25 Billion Holocaust victims order against 2 leading banks 1994 USA $7.2 Million claim 1923 white riot Rosewood Blk Massacre HB 591
1995 Bosnia-Serb $? Memorial & guilty pleas: >7,000 Muslims genocidal (n/a) 1990 USA $1.2 Billion or $20,000 Each Japanese Americans
1990 Austria $25 Million Holocaust Survivors Jewish Claims on Austria 198x Africa $? Million/Land South Africa’s Apartheid
1988 Canada 260,000 Sq. Miles of Land Indians & Eskimos 1988 Canada $230 Million Japanese Canadians
1986 USA $32 Million/1836 Treaty Ottawas of Michigan 1985 USA $31 Million Chippewas of Wisconsin
1985 USA $12.3 Million Seminoles of Florida 1985 USA $105 Million Sioux of South Dakota
1980 USA $81 Million Klamaths of Oregon 198x USA $9 Million 399 Blacks 1932-72 secret Syphilis deadly experiments
199x Liberian War Crimes: $87.5 Billion bill; ex-Pres bounty(n/a) 1994 Rwanda $?: government killings frenzy, UN tribunals (n/a)
1971 USA $1 Billion/44 Million acres of land Alaska Native Land Settlement 19xx USA $? & land for PA Indians 1763Smallpox blankets germ war, etc
1952 Germany $822 Million Holocaust Survivors German Jewish Settlement 19xx $? Sq. Miles land settlements Israelis v/s Palestinians
1920s Europe $0 Millions to Black German/European Holocaust victums 1904 Africa $0 for 60,000 Black in genetics & Heroro Massacre by Germans
Books, Documentaries, Examples & Related Web Sites:www.blackwallstreet.freeservers.com (ANALYSIS AND DEFINITION)
Living Heirs: www.livingheirs.com Holocaust Victim Assets: www6.law.com/ny/links/swissbanks.html
PBS Frontline: Nazi Gold: www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/nazis US State Dept & Allied: www.state.gov/www/regions/eur/rpt_9705_ng_links.html
ABC News.com: Profits of Plunder: www.abcnews.go.com Switzerland: Dormant accounts, Nazi gold and loot: www.amcham.ch
Simon Wiesenthal Center: www.wiesenthal.com ICIM: www.thedish.ws
Rosewood Reborn, Massacre: www.afgen.com/roswood2.html Tulsa Reparations Coalition: www.asapnet.net/pclaser
CNN: www.cnn.com/US/9908/03/tulsa.riots.probe/index.html Tulsa Reparations Coalition: www.tulsareparations.org
Black Holocaust Society: www.blackwallstreet.freeservers.com Genocide for profit: forced to deadly uranium-contaminated site www.simplenet.com
Smallpox infected blankets [biological / germ warfare; Supreme Court Decisions 2003]: www.law.upenn.edu/conlaw/issues/vol5/num2/weber.pdf
The True Story Black Wall Street Photo Gallery If We Must Die "Fbi's War on Black America"
Willie Lynch - Lets Make a Slave Greenwood Community Center The Blood Red Record Atlanta Race Riots of 1906
It Shall Never Be Again Oklahoma Historical Society The Negro & The Curse of Ham The Springfield Riot of 1908
The Reparations Movement Lesson of the Hour: Fredrick Douglas The New York Draft Riot of 1863 The Rosewood Massacre of 1923
The Willie Lynch Letter (arte) The Myth of the inferior Negro New Orleans Race Riot of 1866 Use of Airplanes To Bomb Blacks
The Freedmens Bureau: W.E.B. Du Boise "A Black Holocaust in America:" The East St Louis Massacre of July 2 1917
"O Brother, Where Art Thou?": various artists, soundtrack Aids in Kenya…in Africa: where did it suddenly come from?
"An Orgy of Human Butchery" - Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, presented by Black Holocaust Society, activist of Year Award Winner 1999
Germany’s 1904 genetics experients & Heroro Massacre on Black Africans: nothing paid for 60,000 victums; colonies of Togo, Cameroon, Namibia, Tanzania
Germany’s 1930s Blacks Holocaust & sex sterilization certificates: nothing to thousands of Black (Rhineland) citizens of Germany & Europe; "Always Remember"
"Black Survivors of the Holocaust," 1997 film; aka: "Hitler's Forgotten Victims," Afro-Wisdom Productions
"America's Dirty Little Secret" 1932 to 1972 Syphilis deadly disease experiments on 399 Black males (probably world’s 2nd historical case of modern "Biological Warfare" against humanity), sanctioned by US Gov. Government, President Bill Clinton, formally apologized 5/16/1997 for unethical study, saying what the gov. had done was deeply, profoundly and morally wrong: "The United States government did something that was wrong -- deeply, profoundly, morally wrong. It was an outrage to our commitment to integrity and equality for all our citizens.... To our African American citizens, I am sorry that your federal government orchestrated a study so clearly racist." Notes: 1. Akin to Smallpox infected blankets [biological / germ warfare] covertly contaminated & intentionally given to American Indians (humanities 1st historical modern "Biological Warfare") by 1763 Euro-American Army/Parliament/Gov about Fort Pitt Pennsylvania; highly educated & learned leaders never indicted as war criminals ('Britain was probably the 1st nation to come up with the idea of using smallpox to kill its adversaries.'). The 18th century written reports said: "I will try to inoculate the[m]...with some blankets that may fall into their hands, and take care not get the disease myself." .... "You will do well as to try to inoculate the Indians by means of blankets as well as to try every other method that can serve to extirpate this exorable race." .... "Out of our regard for them (i.e. two Indian chiefs) we gave them two blankets and a handkerchief out of the smallpox hospital. I hope it will have the desired effect"; famed British commander-in-chief-for-America General Sir Jeffrey Amherst's name became tarnished; www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/smallpox1.html. 2. World’s 1st & World’s 2nd historical cases of largest mass destruction of human-life by "Nueclar & Radiation Forces Warfare" were by USA at ______ ___ & _ ________ in mid 20th century deployment. 3. Ref: WHEN ALL WAS LOST, Shakespeare's Mark Antony cried out, "The shirt of Nessus is upon me!" Milton referred to "the envenomed robe" in Paradise Lost, Thomas Carlyle avoided hypocrisy as he would "poisonous Nessus shirts," & T. S. Eliot wrote of "the intolerable shirt of flame." Their audiences understood these allusions to death by poisoned apparel, a compelling image in folklore & literature since classical antiquity & one that crops up in urban legends today (Motif D1402.5; The Nessus Shirt in the New World: Smallpox Blankets in History and Legend, www.questia.com (docId=96511069), Adrienne Mayor; Journal of American Folk-lore, vol 108, 1995). 5. Last imprisoned Indian POW not released until 1913 at Fort Sill OK. Nation refuses to remember its shameful past.
"Stolen Legacy" -1954, Review of George G. M. James: Femi Akomolafe: The greatest crime Europe committed against the world is the intellectual theft of Africa's heritage (mass destruction). Empires could be stolen, whole countries snatched & named after pirates rapists & swindlers. Palaces & monumental edifices destroyed could be rebuild. But when you steal a people's cultural patrimony, & used it to enslaved & insult them, you have committed unforgivable acts that border on the sacrilege.... Egyptians developed secret systems of writing & teaching, & forbade their Initiates from writing what they had learn…. invasion of Alexander the Destructor (called the Great by western mythorians) when the temples & the libraries were plundered, that the Greek gained access to all the ancient books…. Socrates wrote nothing…. Plato & Aristotle - brought into book forms all the secret teachings of the Egyptians & claim authorship!
Books, Documentaries & Related Web Sites: www.blackwallstreet.freeservers.com (ANALYSIS AND DEFINITION) - continuted -
1. Request & reward for artifacts: -living cognitive witnesses, photos of memorials, information on death & torture events, Forgotten (concentration, work, police, transit & more) Camps, slavery records (production of such books, records, correspondence, memoranda, papers & documents), expert witnesses U.S. wide & world wide; list of countries of victims as well as all Black communities murdered & pillaged in the White European & American slave trade. OUTREACH: 20% mass communications; Tablets v/s pony expressed old 1800’s steam print press v/s Town Halls v/s radio v/s TV v/s Internet. Great discrepancies in justice.
2. Do You Know? Will You Remember?: reviews of books about the Holocaust suitable for young adults; provides links to related websites
3. Exiled Continental Africans and U.S. bondage slaves: escaped in exile wilderness and territories to avoid slavery (29 Months in Exile -exploring the experiences of escape, hiding, and ultimate survival of a Jewish family in France at the time of the Holocaust)
4. Whose Memory Lives When the Last Survivor Dies?: by Gustav Niebuhr, www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/Holocaust/commemorations-how.html
5. Missing Identity: project located in Israel, meant to help child survivors from the Holocaust find their true identities and threads to their pasts
6. Children of Holocaust Survivors: Intnl Assoc of Lesbian & Gay Children of Holocaust Survivors & Descendants of the Jewish Community of Augsburg Germany
23. World Inhumanities & Atrocities - Related Listings: www.___________;many grokked their glare of pre-modern enlightenment, in clairvoyant racism.
28. Should Government(s) Apologize for Slavery?: www.__ -does US gov regret its role in slave trade? Are reparations in order for Afro-Amer slavery descendants?
29. Tulsa Reparations Coalition: www.tulsareparations.org/ -Oklahoma Commission Study of Tulsa Race Riot of 1921; links to original report. Black Holocaust Society: Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 -synopses of & photos from several books on topic. Black Wall Street, "A Black Holocaust in America", Winner of 1999 Activist Award; Brown.Gregory.E_Director_aka: "The Angry Black Man." "Nothing Kills Like Depraved White Men. No Other Man, No Other Beast"-1027 E Pleasant St #206, Milwaukee Wisconsin 53202- 414.273.0344, Comment: email@example.com www.asapnet.net/pclaser Historians: 300 Died in 1921 Race Riot (AP): www.amarillonet.com/stories/012799/new_LO0738.001.shtml Tulsa panel seeks truth from 1921 race riot - CNN article which includes audio accounts of eyewitnesses (Commission to recommend if survivors should be compensated, August 3, 1999): www.cnn.com/US/9908/03/tulsa.riots.probe/index.html Tulsa Race Riot, 1921 -short account from a city guide: www.rootsweb.com/~oktulsa/riot.htm
30. BHS: www.blackWallStreet.freeservers.com/ -The Black Holocaust Society-presents: The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921-"An American Historic Horror" -Mass Genocide - Wholesale Slaughter. The body of a dead Black man is displayed out in the open for other Black men to view as they were being "Interned" at convention center during worst riot in US History; this hidden part of history is fully exposed on this site; learn how over 15,000 Black people were left homeless then run out of town & thousands were killed or wounded by fellow white Americans on May 31st, 1921. Website dedicated to Black men, women & children who were victims of a murderous mob of white civilians, KKK, local police & national guardsmen, for no apparent reason except they had a separate & prosperous community.
31. Native American Nations of Black Mesa Region: $25M 1996 Settlement Offer to 96 families v/s 1998 UN Investigation Letter from UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Thayer Scudder/Mr Abdelfattah Amor, strongly against "Genocide for profit" 1996 Final Solution settlement offer sponsored by Senator John McCain’s. Ref: Reeves.T.K: history of Big Mountain; gives brief history of Big Mtn or Black Mesa area & Navajo-Hopi (& Dineh) existence in area & the murderous & genocidal practices of BIA & Peabody Coal & of course USA Gov & links; Hopi & Navajo reservations; Indigenous Peoples' Web Ring site-Oklahoma History Ring site www.simplenet.com/spotlight www.aics.org/BM/bm.html www.geocities.com/Yosemite/Trails/1942/index.html firstname.lastname@example.org; ref: Paula Giese's works. Forced eviction & relocation 1974-1980 to deadly uranium-contaminated site near Chambers AZ; released: 370,000 cubic Meters = 94 million gallons! of radioactive water, plus 1,100 Tons of uranium mine solids, plus a prior spill; www.ratical.org/radiation/KillingOurOwn/KOO9.html; www.applicom.com/vbm/BefPea.htm; Navajo vs Kerr-McGee legal docs; Southwest Research & Info Ctr Report April-May 1986, which qualified for Superfund cleanup funding, (Notice: it taking an outside body, to speak out against perhaps what millions of silent Americans should have obviously protested strongly;never indicted as criminals or crimes against humanity.)
35. Natl Security Archive: nonprofit; research presently declassified documents showing our administration/nation's hands; ref: "The Pinochet File" book by Peter Kornbluh on Chile's Sept. 11 as U.S. tried to block Mr. Allende's inauguration & began plotting to bring him down just 72 hours after he took office.
39. 9/11 2001 Diaster Terrorism families of over 3,000 victum suing govs of Saudi Arabia, Sudan & some royal family members in 2003; USA (reparation/aid) fund.
Living Heirs: www.livingheirs.com Holocaust Victim Assets: www6.law.com/ny/links/swissbanks.html
PBS Frontline: Nazi Gold: www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/nazis US State Dept & Allied: www.state.gov/www/regions/eur/rpt_9705_ng_links.html
ABC News.com: Profits of Plunder: www.abcnews.go.com Switzerland: Dormant accounts, Nazi gold and loot: www.amcham.ch
Simon Wiesenthal Center: www.wiesenthal.com ICIM: www.thedish.ws
Rosewood Reborn, Massacre: www.afgen.com/roswood2.html Tulsa Reparations Coalition: www.asapnet.net/pclaser
CNN: www.cnn.com/US/9908/03/tulsa.riots.probe/index.html Tulsa Reparations Coalition: www.tulsareparations.org
Black Holocaust Society: www.blackwallstreet.freeservers.com Genocide for profit: forced to deadly uranium-contaminated site www.simplenet.com
Smallpox infected blankets [biological / germ warfare; Supreme Court Decisions 2003]: www.law.upenn.edu/conlaw/issues/vol5/num2/weber.pdf
Economic and‘slavanomics’ (economics of slavery) research:
Recession and Unemployment Introduction to T.H.I.N.C. Should Santa Be Stopped By Newtie and Lott?
Slave Trade Statistics Race and Slavery in the Middle East The Transatlantic Slave Trade 1450-1750
Euro-American Slave Trade System 1450-1750 America’s Slave Trade System 1776-1850 Post Slavery Apartheid and Discrimination 1850-19xx
Articles from The DISH, Comments, and other links: www.thedish.ws
AAERA: African American Equal Rights Amendment Institutionalized Racism Reparations: Defining Terms Thomas Sowell
Law & Economics Mathematics of Exploitation So Much for So Little Ebony Magazine Essays: Aug 2000
On the 3/5ths Compromise Blaxploitation Closing the Chasm
Commentary on Affirmative Action [diversity, no-AA, competition, AA, equality, pre-pre-AA buzz words & other abandoned false apartheid appeasement goals]
Reparations Foundations and Grass Roots Constituents:
YOU WONDER WHY MOST OF THESE FACTS ARE NOT IN ANY OF YOUR AMERICAN HISTORY BOOKS OR CURRICULUMS
(… why? … funny isn't it?!,… isn't it?!).
ORGANIC BYTES #23
Organic & Food News Tidbits with an Edge
Issue #23 11/24/2003 By Organic Consumers Association
YOU'RE BEING WATCHED
According to a recent Chicago Sun Times investigative feature, Wal-Mart
and Procter and Gamble (P&G) have been found to be concealing high tech
tracking devices in their consumer products and hiding cameras in store
displays. The tracking devices, known as Radio Frequency Identification
(RFID), can be as small as a grain of sand, and, so far, they have been
detected in P&Gs Lipfinity products at Wal-Mart, as well as in Gillette
razors and Benetton clothes. The electromagnetic tracking devices can be
read through clothes and walls. P&G admits this was just a trial-run of
tracking devices it would ultimately like to use in all
products---serving as "the barcode of the future," and "strictly for
marketing research." Katherine Albrecht, the Director of Consumers
Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering, said, "This trial is
a perfect illustration of how easy it is to set up a secret RFID
infrastructure and use it to spy on people." In addition to the "spy
chips", hidden cameras were also discovered in store displays, allowing
P&G to watch shoppers from hundreds of miles away. Wal-Mart does not
deny having prior knowledge of the hidden cameras and tracking devices,
given the fact that their employees set up those very same displays.
Does Race Exist?
If races are defined as genetically discrete
groups, no. But researchers can use some genetic
information to group individuals into clusters with
By Michael J. Bamshad and Steve E. Olson
November 17 2003
Look around on the streets of any major city, and you
will see a sampling of the outward variety of humanity:
skin tones ranging from milk-white to dark brown; hair
textures running the gamut from fine and stick-straight
to thick and wiry. People often use physical
characteristics such as these--along with area of
geographic origin and shared culture--to group
themselves and others into "races." But how valid is the
concept of race from a biological standpoint? Do
physical features reliably say anything informative
about a person's genetic makeup beyond indicating that
the individual has genes for blue eyes or curly hair?
The problem is hard in part because the implicit
definition of what makes a person a member of a
particular race differs from region to region across the
globe. Someone classified as "black" in the U.S., for
instance, might be considered "white" in Brazil and
"colored" (a category distinguished from both "black"
and "white") in South Africa.
Yet common definitions of race do sometimes work well to
divide groups according to genetically determined
propensities for certain diseases. Sickle cell disease
is usually found among people of largely African or
Mediterranean descent, for instance, whereas cystic
fibrosis is far more common among those of European
ancestry. In addition, although the results have been
controversial, a handful of studies have suggested that
African-Americans are more likely to respond poorly to
some drugs for cardiac disease than are members of other
Over the past few years, scientists have collected data
about the genetic constitution of populations around the
world in an effort to probe the link between ancestry
and patterns of disease. These data are now providing
answers to several highly emotional and contentious
questions: Can genetic information be used to
distinguish human groups having a common heritage and to
assign individuals to particular ones? Do such groups
correspond well to predefined descriptions now widely
used to specify race? And, more practically, does
dividing people by familiar racial definitions or by
genetic similarities say anything useful about how
members of those groups experience disease or respond to
Image: NANCY BURSON INDIVIDUALS from different
populations are, on average, just slightly more
different from one another than are individuals from the
same population. In general, we would answer the first
question yes, the second no, and offer a qualified yes
to the third. Our answers rest on several
generalizations about race and genetics. Some groups do
differ genetically from others, but how groups are
divided depends on which genes are examined;
simplistically put, you might fit into one group based
on your skin-color genes but another based on a
different characteristic. Many studies have demonstrated
that roughly 90 percent of human genetic variation
occurs within a population living on a given continent,
whereas about 10 percent of the variation distinguishes
continental populations. In other words, individuals
from different populations are, on average, just
slightly more different from one another than are
individuals from the same population. Human populations
are very similar, but they often can be distinguished.
As a first step to identifying links between social
definitions of race and genetic heritage, scientists
need a way to divide groups reliably according to their
ancestry. Over the past 100,000 years or so,
anatomically modern humans have migrated from Africa to
other parts of the world, and members of our species
have increased dramatically in number. This spread has
left a distinct signature in our DNA.
To determine the degree of relatedness among groups,
geneticists rely on tiny variations, or polymorphisms,
in the DNA--specifically in the sequence of base pairs,
the building blocks of DNA. Most of these polymorphisms
do not occur within genes, the stretches of DNA that
encode the information for making proteins (the
molecules that constitute much of our bodies and carry
out the chemical reactions of life). Accordingly, these
common variations are neutral, in that they do not
directly affect a particular trait. Some polymorphisms
do occur in genes, however; these can contribute to
individual variation in traits and to genetic diseases.
As scientists have sequenced the human genome (the full
set of nuclear DNA), they have also identified millions
of polymorphisms. The distribution of these
polymorphisms across populations reflects the history of
those populations and the effects of natural selection.
To distinguish among groups, the ideal genetic
polymorphism would be one that is present in all the
members of one group and absent in the members of all
other groups. But the major human groups have separated
from one another too recently and have mixed too much
for such differences to exist.
Polymorphisms that occur at different frequencies around
the world can, however, be used to sort people roughly
into groups. One useful class of polymorphisms consists
of the Alus, short pieces of DNA that are similar in
sequence to one another. Alus replicate occasionally,
and the resulting copy splices itself at random into a
new position on the original chromosome or on another
chromosome, usually in a location that has no effect on
the functioning of nearby genes. Each insertion is a
unique event. Once an Alu sequence inserts itself, it
can remain in place for eons, getting passed from one
person to his or her descendants. Therefore, if two
people have the same Alu sequence at the same spot in
their genome, they must be descended from a common
ancestor who gave them that specific segment of DNA.
One of us (Bamshad), working with University of Utah
scientists Lynn B. Jorde, Stephen Wooding and W. Scott
Watkins and with Mark A. Batzer of Louisiana State
University, examined 100 different Alu polymorphisms in
565 people born in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Europe.
First we determined the presence or absence of the 100
Alus in each of the 565 people. Next we removed all the
identifying labels (such as place of origin and ethnic
group) from the data and sorted the people into groups
using only their genetic information.
Our analysis yielded four different groups. When we
added the labels back to see whether each individual's
group assignment correlated to common, predefined labels
for race or ethnicity, we saw that two of the groups
consisted only of individuals from sub-Saharan Africa,
with one of those two made up almost entirely of Mbuti
Pygmies. The other two groups consisted only of
individuals from Europe and East Asia, respectively. We
found that we needed 60 Alu polymorphisms to assign
individuals to their continent of origin with 90 percent
accuracy. To achieve nearly 100 percent accuracy,
however, we needed to use about 100 Alus.
Other studies have produced comparable results. Noah A.
Rosenberg and Jonathan K. Pritchard, geneticists
formerly in the laboratory of Marcus W. Feldman of
Stanford University, assayed approximately 375
polymorphisms called short tandem repeats in more than
1,000 people from 52 ethnic groups in Africa, Asia,
Europe and the Americas. By looking at the varying
frequencies of these polymorphisms, they were able to
distinguish five different groups of people whose
ancestors were typically isolated by oceans, deserts or
mountains: sub-Saharan Africans; Europeans and Asians
west of the Himalayas; East Asians; inhabitants of New
Guinea and Melanesia; and Native Americans. They were
also able to identify subgroups within each region that
usually corresponded with each member's self-reported
The results of these studies indicate that genetic
analyses can distinguish groups of people according to
their geographic origin. But caution is warranted. The
groups easiest to resolve were those that were widely
separated from one another geographically. Such samples
maximize the genetic variation among groups. When
Bamshad and his co-workers used their 100 Alu
polymorphisms to try to classify a sample of individuals
from southern India into a separate group, the Indians
instead had more in common with either Europeans or
Asians. In other words, because India has been subject
to many genetic influences from Europe and Asia, people
on the subcontinent did not group into a unique cluster.
We concluded that many hundreds--or perhaps thousands--
of polymorphisms might have to be examined to
distinguish between groups whose ancestors have
historically interbred with multiple populations.
The Human Race
Given that people can be sorted broadly into groups
using genetic data, do common notions of race correspond
to underlying genetic differences among populations? In
some cases they do, but often they do not. For instance,
skin color or facial features--traits influenced by
natural selection--are routinely used to divide people
into races. But groups with similar physical
characteristics as a result of selection can be quite
different genetically. Individuals from sub-Saharan
Africa and Australian Aborigines might have similar skin
pigmentation (because of adapting to strong sun), but
genetically they are quite dissimilar.
In contrast, two groups that are genetically similar to
each other might be exposed to different selective
forces. In this case, natural selection can exaggerate
some of the differences between groups, making them
appear more dissimilar on the surface than they are
underneath. Because traits such as skin color have been
strongly affected by natural selection, they do not
necessarily reflect the population processes that have
shaped the distribution of neutral polymorphisms such as
Alus or short tandem repeats. Therefore, traits or
polymorphisms affected by natural selection may be poor
predictors of group membership and may imply genetic
relatedness where, in fact, little exists.
Another example of how difficult it is to categorize
people involves populations in the U.S. Most people who
describe themselves as African-American have relatively
recent ancestors from West Africa, and West Africans
generally have polymorphism frequencies that can be
distinguished from those of Europeans, Asians and Native
Americans. The fraction of gene variations that African-
Americans share with West Africans, however, is far from
uniform, because over the centuries African-Americans
have mixed extensively with groups originating from
elsewhere in Africa and beyond.
Over the past several years, Mark D. Shriver of
Pennsylvania State University and Rick A. Kittles of
Howard University have defined a set of polymorphisms
that they have used to estimate the fraction of a
person's genes originating from each continental region.
They found that the West African contribution to the
genes of individual African-Americans averages about 80
percent, although it ranges from 20 to 100 percent.
Mixing of groups is also apparent in many individuals
who believe they have only European ancestors. According
to Shriver's analyses, approximately 30 percent of
Americans who consider themselves "white" have less than
90 percent European ancestry. Thus, self-reported
ancestry is not necessarily a good predictor of the
genetic composition of a large number of Americans.
Accordingly, common notions of race do not always
reflect a person's genetic background.
Membership Has Its Privileges
Understanding the relation between race and genetic
variation has important practical implications. Several
of the polymorphisms that differ in frequency from group
to group have specific effects on health. The mutations
responsible for sickle cell disease and some cases of
cystic fibrosis, for instance, result from genetic
changes that appear to have risen in frequency because
they were protective against diseases prevalent in
Africa and Europe, respectively. People who inherit one
copy of the sickle cell polymorphism show some
resistance to malaria; those with one copy of the cystic
fibrosis trait may be less prone to the dehydration
resulting from cholera. The symptoms of these diseases
arise only in the unfortunate individuals who inherit
two copies of the mutations.
Genetic variation also plays a role in individual
susceptibility to one of the worst scourges of our age:
AIDS. Some people have a small deletion in both their
copies of a gene that encodes a particular cell-surface
receptor called chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5). As a
result, these individuals fail to produce CCR5 receptors
on the surface of their cells. Most strains of HIV-1,
the virus that causes AIDS, bind to the CCR5 receptor to
gain entry to cells, so people who lack CCR5 receptors
are resistant to HIV-1 infection. This polymorphism in
the CCR5 receptor gene is found almost exclusively in
groups from northeastern Europe.
Several polymorphisms in CCR5 do not prevent infection
but instead influence the rate at which HIV-1 infection
leads to AIDS and death. Some of these polymorphisms
have similar effects in different populations; others
only alter the speed of disease progression in selected
groups. One polymorphism, for example, is associated
with delayed disease progression in European-Americans
but accelerated disease in African-Americans.
Researchers can only study such population-specific
effects--and use that knowledge to direct therapy--if
they can sort people into groups.
In these examples--and others like them--a polymorphism
has a relatively large effect in a given disease. If
genetic screening were inexpensive and efficient, all
individuals could be screened for all such disease-
related gene variants. But genetic testing remains
costly. Perhaps more significantly, genetic screening
raises concerns about privacy and consent: some people
might not want to know about genetic factors that could
increase their risk of developing a particular disease.
Until these issues are resolved further, self-reported
ancestry will continue to be a potentially useful
diagnostic tool for physicians.
Ancestry may also be relevant for some diseases that are
widespread in particular populations. Most common
diseases, such as hypertension and diabetes, are the
cumulative results of polymorphisms in several genes,
each of which has a small influence on its own. Recent
research suggests that polymorphisms that have a
particular effect in one group may have a different
effect in another group. This kind of complexity would
make it much more difficult to use detected
polymorphisms as a guide to therapy. Until further
studies are done on the genetic and environmental
contributions to complex diseases, physicians may have
to rely on information about an individual's ancestry to
know how best to treat some diseases.
Race and Medicine
But the importance of group membership as it relates to
health care has been especially controversial in recent
years. Last January the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration issued guidelines advocating the
collection of race and ethnicity data in all clinical
trials. Some investigators contend that the differences
between groups are so small and the historical abuses
associated with categorizing people by race so extreme
that group membership should play little if any role in
genetic and medical studies. They assert that the FDA
should abandon its recommendation and instead ask
researchers conducting clinical trials to collect
genomic data on each individual. Others suggest that
only by using group membership, including common
definitions of race based on skin color, can we
understand how genetic and environmental differences
among groups contribute to disease. This debate will be
settled only by further research on the validity of race
as a scientific variable.
A set of articles in the March 20 issue of the New
England Journal of Medicine debated both sides of the
medical implications of race. The authors of one
article--Richard S. Cooper of the Loyola Stritch School
of Medicine, Jay S. Kaufman of the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill and Ryk Ward of the University
of Oxford--argued that race is not an adequate criterion
for physicians to use in choosing a particular drug for
a given patient. They pointed out two findings of racial
differences that are both now considered questionable:
that a combination of certain blood vessel-dilating
drugs was more effective in treating heart failure in
people of African ancestry and that specific enzyme
inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme, or ACE,
inhibitors) have little efficacy in such individuals. In
the second article, a group led by Neil Risch of
Stanford University countered that racial or ethnic
groups can differ from one another genetically and that
the differences can have medical importance. They cited
a study showing that the rate of complications from type
2 diabetes varies according to race, even after
adjusting for such factors as disparities in education
The intensity of these arguments reflects both
scientific and social factors. Many biomedical studies
have not rigorously defined group membership, relying
instead on inferred relationships based on racial
categories. The dispute over the importance of group
membership also illustrates how strongly the perception
of race is shaped by different social and political
In cases where membership in a geographically or
culturally defined group has been correlated with
health-related genetic traits, knowing something about
an individual's group membership could be important for
a physician. And to the extent that human groups live in
different environments or have different experiences
that affect health, group membership could also reflect
nongenetic factors that are medically relevant.
Regardless of the medical implications of the genetics
of race, the research findings are inherently exciting.
For hundreds of years, people have wondered where
various human groups came from and how those groups are
related to one another. They have speculated about why
human populations have different physical appearances
and about whether the biological differences between
groups are more than skin deep. New genetic data and new
methods of analysis are finally allowing us to approach
these questions. The result will be a much deeper
understanding of both our biological nature and our