Somalia's secret dumps of toxic waste washed ashore by tsunami
From Jonathan Clayton in Johannesburg
Times Newspapers Ltd.
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,18690-1509979,00.html

THE huge waves which battered northern Somalia after the tsunami in 
December are
believed to have stirred up tonnes of nuclear and toxic waste illegally 
dumped
in the war-racked country during the early 1990s.

Apart from killing about 300 people and destroying thousands of homes, 
the waves
broke up rusting barrels and other containers and hazardous waste 
dumped along
the long, remote shoreline, a spokesman for the United Nations 
Environment
Programme (Unep) said.

"Initial reports indicate that the tsunami waves broke open containers 
full of
toxic waste and scattered the contents. We are talking about everything 
from
medical waste to chemical waste products," Nick Nuttal, the Unep 
spokesman, told
The Times.

"We know this material is on the land and is now being blown around and 
possibly
carried to villages. What we do not know is the full extent of the 
problem."

Mr Nuttall said that a UN assessment mission that recently returned 
from the
lawless African country, which has had no government since 1991, 
reported that
several Somalis in the northern areas were ill with diseases consistent 
with
radiation sickness. "We need more information. We need to find out what 
has been
going on there, but there is real cause for concern," he added. "We now 
need to
urgently send in a multi-agency expert mission, led by Unep, for a full
investigation."

An initial UN report says that many people in the areas around the 
northeastern
towns of Hobbio and Benadir, on the Indian Ocean coast, are suffering 
from far
higher than normal cases of respiratory infections, mouth ulcers and 
bleeding,
abdominal haemorrhages and unusual skin infections.

"The current situation along the Somali coastline poses a very serious
environmental hazard not only in Somalia but also in the eastern Africa
sub-region," the report says. Toxic waste was first dumped in Somalia 
in the
late 1980s, but accelerated sharply during the civil war which followed 
the 1991
overthrow of the late dictator Mohamed Siad Barre.

Local warlords, many of them former ministers in Siad Barre's last 
government,
received large payments from Swiss and Italian firms for access to their
respective fiefdoms.

Most of the waste was simply dumped on remote beaches in containers and 
leaking
disposable barrels.

Somali sources close to the trade say that the dumped materials included
radioactive uranium, lead, cadmium, mercury and industrial, hospital, 
chemical
and various other toxic wastes. In 1992, Unep said that European firms 
were
involved in the trade, but because of the high level of insecurity in 
the
country there were never any accurate assessments of the extent of the 
problem.

In 1997 and 1998, the Italian newspaper Famiglia Cristiana, which 
jointly
investigated the allegations with the Italian branch of Greenpeace, 
published a
series of articles detailing the extent of illegal dumping by a Swiss 
firm,
Achair Partners, and an Italian waste broker, Progresso.

The European Green Party followed up the revelations by presenting to 
the press
and the European Parliament in Strasbourg copies of contracts signed by 
the two
companies and representatives of the then "President" - Ali Mahdi 
Mohamed - to
accept 10 million tonnes of toxic waste in exchange for $80 million 
(then about
60 million).

Abdullahi Elmi Mohamed, a Somali academic studying in Sweden, told The 
Times
that this worked out at "approximately $8 per tonne, while in Europe 
the cost
for disposal and treatment of toxic waste material could go up to 
$1,000 per
tonne".

Mr Ali Mahdi, who then controlled north Mogadishu and who worked 
closely with
the UN during its disastrous 1992-95 humanitarian mission to the 
country, has
always refused to discuss the issue even though an Italian 
parliamentary report
subsequently confirmed many of the allegations.

======================================================

Master Fard Muhammad and the 19th President:
A Stunning Historical Coincidence

Early in the year 1877, the government of the United States was 
grappling with the hotly contested presidential election of November 
1876, between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel J. 
Tilden. Votes were being contested around charges of voting fraud and 
intimidation and the Congress was thrown into disruption as threats and 
vitriol filled their chambers.

Democrats began a filibuster and threatened national disorder and even 
civil war. After many days of near chaos, a group of politicians from 
among both parties secretly gathered at the Wormley Hotel in Washington 
to attempt to resolve the issue and save the union from potential 
disaster.

A deal was struck in that smoky hotel room which would affect the 
history of Black people in America as no other event before or since. 
The ?Compromise of 1877,? as historians call it, was the deal in which 
white people?North and South?agreed that Blacks would be returned to 
virtual slavery, devoid of civil rights, assigned to permanent 
inferiority. If Republican Hayes were allowed to become the 19th 
president, the agreement stated, he would remove the federal troops in 
the South that were protecting the rights of Blacks against the violent 
ex-Confederates and Ku Klux Klan. The vanquished Southern slave-owner 
class would be free to return to power and enforce the old slave law 
free of federal control.

This so-called ?Compromise of 1877? was the most significant event in 
our history, it seems to me, in that it brought all whites together in 
the solemn cause of American white supremacy. No other event?not the 
Civil War, and not the Emancipation Proclamation?so specifically and 
directly affected the future status of the Black race as a whole. Jim 
Crow laws took immediate effect; lynchings, mass murders, and pogroms 
escalated; Black property was stolen; and whites moved Blacks out of 
employment in trades and industry.

But what is most significant is that that back-room deal in the Wormley 
Hotel occurred on 26 February 1877?the birth date of our Lord and 
Saviour Master Fard Muhammad.

Further, it was a Jew and meeting participant, Louisiana congressman 
William M. Levy, who carried the message to the Congress and assured 
the Southern racists that their interests had been secured. His entire 
speech to Congress is firmly inlaid in the Congressional Record (March 
1, 1877) and is considered by historians to be the most significant of 
the speeches in the whole lengthy debate. In it, he assures the North 
that ?the white people of Louisiana? will be fair and just to ?the 
colored race,? and that the rumors of the egregious racist violence 
were simply ?slander??the whitest of all white lies.

Also, as the filibuster ended some Southern politicians held out to the 
end, as they did not trust the Hayes camp to follow through on their 
promises. A Kentucky senator, in a strangely appropriate way, cast the 
moment of their perceived defeat in a divine light: ?Mr. Speaker, the 
end has come?.Today is Friday. Upon that day the Saviour of the world 
suffered crucifixion between two thieves. On this Friday constitutional 
government, justice, honesty, fair dealing, manhood, and decency suffer 
crucifixion amid a number of thieves.?

Arguably, these two events, happening on the very same day?the ?final 
straw,? so to speak, for the white man to ?do right by the ex-slave,? 
and the birth of the Blackman?s Lord and Saviour?are the most 
significant events in American history.

end

Alan Muhammad

==========================================================

The Black Condition

The devastating facts below force us to question the leadership that 
led us here. As Blacks, we are responsible for allowing ourselves to be 
misled and deceived into this sad state of affairs. If you are not 
engaged in some effort to reverse one or more of these statistics you 
have sentenced yourself to total destruction.


POVERTY While constituting roughly 13% of the total population, Black 
America represents nearly 30% of America's poor. That compares with 
11%, or 16 million, whites, who live in poverty; and 27%, or 8 million, 
Latinos. Black family income is just 60% of white income, and 43% of 
all Black children live beneath the poverty line--a figure almost 
identical to that which existed on the day Martin Luther King was 
assassinated, and 4 times the average for western European countries. 
Black children today are much more likely than whites to lack early 
pre-natal care, and have single mothers or unemployed parents. White 
Americans possess 12 times the average net worth of Blacks. Blacks are 
twice as likely as whites to be among the working poor-those who are 
employed at wages below the poverty level. 70% of elderly Blacks have 
no financial assets.


DRUGS & CRIME For many Blacks, drug use (including alcohol) amounts to 
self-medication for depression rooted in hopelessness caused by white 
racism. This medical need is exploited by a corrupt society hell-bent 
on criminalizing the Black race. Blacks, who comprise only 13% of the 
population and account for about 13% of drug users, constitute 35% of 
all arrests for drug possession, 55% of all convictions on those 
charges, and 74% of all those sentenced to prison for possession. 
Blacks are incarcerated at a rate that is more than 6 times that of 
whites. In total, between 1980 and 1999, the incarceration rate for 
Blacks more than tripled from 1156 per 100,000, to 3,620 per 100,000. 
This is more than 4 times the rate of incarceration of Blacks in South 
Africa during the apartheid era.
The number of college-aged Black males in prisons and jails in the 
U.S., 583,000, is greater than the number of Black males enrolled in 
higher education, 537,000. On any given day, about 1 in 3 Blacks 
between the ages of 20 and 29 is in prison, on probation, or on parole. 
In 1999 nearly 1.5 million children in the U.S. had at least 1 parent 
in state or federal prison (up from less than 1 million in 1991).
The Black male homicide rate is 7 times the white male rate. Black 
women are 18 times more likely to be raped than white women. The death 
penalty has been imposed in 682 capital cases since 1995. The U.S. 
attorney recommended the death penalty in 183 of them-of those cases 
26% involved white defendants, 74% "minority." Blacks make up 40% of 
the death row population.
Between 1989 and 1994, there was a 78% increase in the number of Black 
women under correctional supervision, the highest for all demographic 
groups within those years. Approximately 65% have children. The rate of 
imprisonment for Black women is more than 8 times that of white women.


AIDS There is strong evidence that AIDS is a disease created by white 
bio-chemists and deliberately released in Africa through vaccination 
programs. Blacks account for 30% of people with AIDS in America. 54% of 
children under age 13 with AIDS are Black. HIV/AIDS is the number 1 
cause of death for Blacks aged 25 to 44.
In recent years, the estimated incidence of HIV/AIDS has declined for 
every race except Blacks. In 1997, four times as many Latinos and eight 
times as many Blacks as whites contracted AIDS. Whites with HIV are far 
more likely to receive advanced drug therapy--a trend that slowed the 
white death rate from AIDS by 28% from 1995 to 1996, but by only 10% 
for Blacks. Blacks account for 57% of new infections of HIV and by the 
year 2005, African Americans will account for 60% of AIDS cases.


HEALTH The state of Black health scores below every other race in the 
U.S. Every year 250,000 Blacks--a number of people equal to the 
population of Birmingham, Alabama--are killed by the 10 biggest killers 
of Blacks of all ages: heart disease, cancer, stroke, AIDS, accidents, 
homicide, diabetes, pneumonia and influenza, chronic pulmonary diseases 
such as asthma and bronchitis, and infant mortality. 79,680 Black boys 
and men were violently murdered between 1985 and 1993, mostly by other 
Blacks. If Blacks had the same mortality rate as whites, about 64,000 
people each year-more than all Americans who died in the Vietnam 
War-would still be alive. Whites live 6 years longer than Blacks.
Black infant mortality is more than twice as high as that for whites 
and higher than in many "Third World" countries. A Black baby is more 
than twice as likely as a white baby to die before its first birthday, 
yet babies of largely poor West African immigrants survive just as well 
as whites. 1 in 7 Black babies is born with a low birth weight, which 
makes them 40 times more likely to die.
Blacks have a 60% higher diabetes-related mortality than whites and 
suffer 30% higher cardiovascular mortality, 25% higher cancer mortality 
(including breast cancer). Blacks with prostate cancer are 2-3 times 
more likely to die than whites. African-American men have the highest 
rate of prostate cancer in the world. Blacks with lung cancer were 24% 
more likely than whites to die within 5 years. The death rate of 
middle-aged to elderly Black women from coronary heart disease is more 
than 70 percent higher than that for white women.
Blacks and Latinos run a higher risk than whites of getting 
Alzheimer's disease, though it is virtually unheard of in Africa. 
Blacks have almost twice as many strokes as whites. Black males who 
suffer a stroke have a 95% higher death rate than whites--75% higher 
for Black women. 30% of Blacks are smokers, 23% of whites. Blacks are 
more likely to be obese and to have hypertension. For African 
Americans, high blood pressure is epidemic. It's the severe high blood 
pressure that leads to greater rates of stroke, heart attack, and 
kidney failure. Further, for African Americans, the darker the skin, 
the higher the blood pressure. Africans generally have low blood 
pressure.
Blacks, in particular, receive outdated or far less aggressive 
treatment, even when their condition and health insurance are identical 
to those of whites. Doctors are less likely to perform high-tech, 
diagnostic procedures on Blacks and less likely to go to extreme 
measures to keep them alive if they go into cardiac arrest on the 
table. Whites are two-thirds more likely to receive kidney transplants 
than others. When hospitalized for pneumonia, whites are more likely to 
receive intensive care than Blacks are. Twenty-five percent of Blacks 
in the U.S. have no health insurance.
The rates of syphilis and gonorrhea are many times higher among Black 
teens than white. 90% of Black women suffer complications in 
pregnancy--a rate 3 times that of whites. Suicide now ranks among the 
top 10 major killers of Blacks in their teens to mid-40s. Sixty percent 
of all deaths of Black boys between 15 and 19 in 1990 were from guns. 
In 1997, that rate had dropped more than 40%, but was still more than 4 
times the rate for their white peers. The Justice Department estimates 
that one out of every 21 Black men can expect to be murdered, a death 
rate double that of U. S. soldiers in World War II. A young Black male 
in America is more likely to die from gun fire than was any soldier in 
Vietnam.


HOUSING 55% of Blacks live in the cities, while 70% of whites live in 
the suburbs or rural areas. Los Angeles and New York are ranked 2nd and 
3rd behind Sao Paulo, Brazil, in their homeless population, and 80% of 
America's homeless are Black. 60% of the total Black population in the 
U.S. lives in communities with one or more uncontrolled toxic waste 
sites.
43% of Blacks and 68% of whites own their homes. Blacks were 210% more 
likely than whites of comparable credit to be rejected for mortgage. It 
is estimated that the current generation of Blacks will lose about $82 
billion in equity because of institutional discrimination; the next 
generation of Black homeowners will lose $93 billion. Blacks are 2.8 
times more likely to be injured in a house fire than either whites or 
Latinos.


FAMILIES 62% of Black families (up from 23% in 1967) are now headed by 
single women. 67% of Black children (up from 17% in 1967) are born out 
of wedlock. The percentage of Black women who are married declined from 
62% to 37% between 1950 and 1998. In the same period the percentage of 
never-married Black women doubled, from 21% to 41%. The pregnancy rate 
of young women 15-19 years old is twice that of whites. The rate of 
abortions is 50 per 1,000 pregnancies for Blacks, 17 per 1,000 for 
whites. Blacks account for 41% of all abortions. Blacks report higher 
rates of domestic violence than whites.


EMPLOYMENT Black adult unemployment has remained twice as high as white 
unemployment for more than 30 years; 3 times as high among young 
people. Black women make 89% of what white women make; Black men make 
67% of what white men make. 53% of Black men aged 25-34 are either 
unemployed or earn too little to lift a family of 4 from poverty. 21% 
of Black high-school graduates are unemployed, 10% of whites. 34.4% of 
Black high-school drop-outs are unemployed-18% of whites.
Blacks hold only 10.1% of U.S. jobs and are dramatically 
underrepresented in many professions. They are only 3.2% of lawyers, 3% 
of doctors, and less than 1% of architects. Black males have both the 
lowest average level of educational attainment and the highest 
percentage-nearly 50%-of workers with more education than their jobs 
require. White males with a high-school diploma are just as likely to 
have a job, and tend to earn just as much as Black males with college 
degrees. Light-skinned Blacks have a 50% better chance of getting a job 
than dark-skinned Blacks. Blacks are rejected twice as often for small 
business loans than whites of comparable credit.


EDUCATION 69% of Black children cannot read in the 4th grade, compared 
with 29% among white children. Only 12% of Black high-school seniors 
are "proficient" readers, while 54% have "below basic" reading skills. 
It is estimated that 40-44% of Blacks are functionally illiterate. 
Black children are almost 3 times more likely than white children to be 
labeled mentally retarded. Blacks are 2.5 times more likely to be 
placed in remedial or low-track classes. Even when Black students show 
potential that is equal to or above that of whites, they are 40% less 
likely to be placed in advanced or accelerated classes.
Two-thirds of "minorities" in public school fail to reach basic levels 
of national tests. There continue to be marked disparities between 
Black and white students in the national SAT scores. 32% of all 
suspended students are Black. Black students are twice as likely as 
whites to be suspended or expelled. The high-school dropout rate in 
some inner-city communities approaches 50%. Only 26% of Blacks who do 
finish high school go to college, while 37% of whites go. 
College-educated Blacks are 4 times more likely than whites to 
experience unemployment. Black women account for nearly all of the 
gains made in Black enrollment in higher education since the mid-1980s. 
At Black colleges women make up 60% of enrollment and 80% of the honor 
rolls. Babies with poorly educated mothers are more likely to die in 
the first year or have chronic health problems growing up.



[Source: _The American Directory of Certified Uncle Toms_ (Chicago: 
Lushena, 2002): 
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